Narcotic Fact Sheet

Narcotic Fact Sheet

Prescription opioids are some of the most commonly abused substances in America. These opioids work by binding with opioid receptors in the brain. They bind to the same receptors that the bodies’ natural painkillers bind to. After prolonged opiate use, the body stops producing natural painkillers, resulting in opiate dependency. Opiates are such powerful narcotics that the body can become dependent on them even when they prescribed by a physician for the treatment of pain and are taken in the prescribed dosage.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet

Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet are all brand names for the combination drug containing hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opiate. Usually, it is combined with non-opioid painkillers like acetaminophen to discourage recreational use and to increase the painkilling effects.  Hydrocodone is also a cough suppressant, so it is used in many prescription cough medications.

While additives such as acetaminophen are added to hydrocodone products in part to discourage illicit use, the danger is that people who do abuse hydrocodone products may not be aware that they are taking high levels of acetaminophen. This can be very dangerous, and in many cases, long term hydrocodone abuse can cause liver problems because these drugs are toxic in high doses, and can even be fatal.

Another reason that hydrocodone is less likely to be abused than drugs like pure oxycodone, is that the metabolism of hydrocodone prevents it from alternate routes of administration like snorting and injection. This is because the main painkilling effect of hydrocodone use comes from its conversion to the much stronger opioid hydromorphone in the liver. When the drug is snorted or injected, it bypasses this metabolic process, so it actually results in a less strong effect. Also, because hydrocodone users must separate the hydrocodone from the acetaminophen additives before injecting it, some of the hydrocodone is lost in the process. Hydrocodone is also only about half as strong as oral oxycodone.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Percocet

Percocet is the brand name of the combination drug containing oxycodone and acetaminophen. As with the hydrocodone combination products, acetaminophen is added to oxycodone to both potentiate the painkilling effects and to discourage abuse. Percocet comes in doses of 10/325 (10 mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen) or 5/325 (5mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen).Percocet is an oral medication.

Oxycodone is a powerful analgesic synthesized from thebaine, which is derived from the opium plant. It was developed in Germany in 1916 as an alternative to heroin, which had been outlawed a couple years prior. It was hoped that oxycodone would have the analgesic (pain-killing) power of heroin without the dependence issues. However, since its inception, oxycodone has been subject to abuse.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Roxicodone

Roxicodone is the brand name of a drug that contains pure oxycodone; it does not contain ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin, like other oxycodone-containing products (i.e. Percodan, Percocet, and Tylox).Roxicodone pills generally come in 15 or 30 mg doses. It is an immediate release form of oxycodone, unlike the time-release form of the drug: OxyContin. Because it is pure immediate release, pure oxycodone, the potential for abuse of oxycodone is very high.

Vicodin Addiction

Vicodin Addiction

Vicodin Addiction

According to the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than 23 million adults and children over the age of 12 had taken some form of hydrocodone at least once in their lifetime for nonmedical purposes.

Doctors will very often prescribe Vicodin to patient for the relief of moderate to severe pain. Vicodin is a combo of hydrocodone (an opiate) and acetaminophen (the stuff that is in your Tylenol). Vicodin works by blocking the pain receptors in the brain, but it also creates a sense of euphoria in its users. This makes Vicodin work really well for pain but it also makes it super addictive. Who doesn’t want to feel good? That is what euphoria is. Unfortunately that is the thought that many people with a Vicodin addiction have.

People who take Vicodin will usually feel a rush of euphoria and relaxation. Not only that but any physical pain they are feeling begins to diminish. Over time, people who use Vicodin develop a tolerance for it. What is a tolerance? A tolerance means they need more and more Vicodin to achieve the same euphoria and pain relief as before. Many people with a Vicodin addiction can take anywhere from 20 to 30 pills a day and sometimes more. When someone with a Vicodin addiction begins taking that many pills they usually will start to show signs of Vicodin addiction. Here are some signs and symptoms of Vicodin addiction:

  • Drowsiness
  • An obsession with using and getting Vicodin
  • An inability to focus
  • Extreme anxiety and paranoia
  • Severe mood swings
  • Nausea and vomiting

Those with a Vicodin addiction usually will start “doctor shopping” or using manipulation, fraud and lies to get more and more of it. Because of the obsession with Vicodin all of their normal responsibilities in life become second to getting more Vicodin and their professional, personal and financial situations begin to fall apart. These are just a few of the effects of a Vicodin addiction though; there are so many other negative consequences to a Vicodin addiction. For instance some effects of Vicodin use are:

  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting and upset stomach

Vicodin use and Vicodin addiction can cause some medical issues if used for a long period of time. For instance, long term Vicodin use can cause liver damage, liver failure, jaundice, and urinary system issues. Also, because Vicodin is a central nervous system depressant it naturally decreases heart rate and breathing rate. This is especially true if taken in large doses by those with a Vicodin addiction. Those with a Vicodin addiction are at a high risk of overdose. Overdose occurs when someone takes a dose of Vicodin that is too much for them or if they mix Vicodin with another type of central nervous system depressant such as alcohol, other opiates, benzodiazepines, or barbiturates.

Another one of the problems with Vicodin addiction other than the effects and the risk of overdose are the withdrawal symptoms should the person with the Vicodin addiction every try to stop taking them. Withdrawal symptoms from a Vicodin addiction can be very unpleasant and most likely will require an inpatient or outpatient detox to help make more comfortable. Luckily though there is treatment for Vicodin addiction in the form of Vicodin detox and Vicodin drug treatment. For those that finally want to beat their Vicodin addiction they can seek help from a facility that specialize in getting people off their medicine once and for all.

Vicodin Addiction

According to the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than 23 million adults and children over the age of 12 had taken some form of hydrocodone at least once in their lifetime for nonmedical purposes.

Doctors will very often prescribe Vicodin to patient for the relief of moderate to severe pain. Vicodin is a combo of hydrocodone (an opiate) and acetaminophen (the stuff that is in your Tylenol). Vicodin works by blocking the pain receptors in the brain, but it also creates a sense of euphoria in its users. This makes Vicodin work really well for pain but it also makes it super addictive. Who doesn’t want to feel good? That is what euphoria is. Unfortunately that is the thought that many people with a Vicodin addiction have.

People who take Vicodin will usually feel a rush of euphoria and relaxation. Not only that but any physical pain they are feeling begins to diminish. Over time, people who use Vicodin develop a tolerance for it. What is a tolerance? A tolerance means they need more and more Vicodin to achieve the same euphoria and pain relief as before. Many people with a Vicodin addiction can take anywhere from 20 to 30 pills a day and sometimes more. When someone with a Vicodin addiction begins taking that many pills they usually will start to show signs of Vicodin addiction. Here are some signs and symptoms of Vicodin addiction:

  • Drowsiness
  • An obsession with using and getting Vicodin
  • An inability to focus
  • Extreme anxiety and paranoia
  • Severe mood swings
  • Nausea and vomiting

Those with a Vicodin addiction usually will start “doctor shopping” or using manipulation, fraud and lies to get more and more of it. Because of the obsession with Vicodin all of their normal responsibilities in life become second to getting more Vicodin and their professional, personal and financial situations begin to fall apart. These are just a few of the effects of a Vicodin addiction though; there are so many other negative consequences to a Vicodin addiction. For instance some effects of Vicodin use are:

  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting and upset stomach

Vicodin use and Vicodin addiction can cause some medical issues if used for a long period of time. For instance, long term Vicodin use can cause liver damage, liver failure, jaundice, and urinary system issues. Also, because Vicodin is a central nervous system depressant it naturally decreases heart rate and breathing rate. This is especially true if taken in large doses by those with a Vicodin addiction. Those with a Vicodin addiction are at a high risk of overdose. Overdose occurs when someone takes a dose of Vicodin that is too much for them or if they mix Vicodin with another type of central nervous system depressant such as alcohol, other opiates, benzodiazepines, or barbiturates.

Another one of the problems with Vicodin addiction other than the effects and the risk of overdose are the withdrawal symptoms should the person with the Vicodin addiction every try to stop taking them. Withdrawal symptoms from a Vicodin addiction can be very unpleasant and most likely will require an inpatient or outpatient detox to help make more comfortable. Luckily though there is treatment for Vicodin addiction in the form of Vicodin detox and Vicodin drug treatment. For those that finally want to beat their Vicodin addiction they can seek help from a facility that specialize in getting people off their medicine once and for all.

Source: http://addiction.lovetoknow.com/wiki/Signs_of_Vicodin_Addiction