Oxycodone is an opioid prescription pain medication. An opioid in some instances is called a narcotic. Oxycodone is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The extended-release form of oxycodone is for long-term treatment of chronic pain. Oxycodone is most commonly prescribed to patients to manage pain after a big medical procedure or surgery.
The illicit use of prescription painkillers such as Oxycodone is now the number one reason for drug overdose related deaths in the United States. Oxycodone drug abuse is nationwide because of its known euphoric effects, its ability to lessen anxiety, and to give the user an overall pleasant experience. Oxycodone is also extremely addictive so this goes hand in hand with the why it is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States. People who abuse Oxycodone usually chew or crush the pills to snort or intravenously inject directly into their blood stream.
Here are some general Oxycodone Drug abuse facts:
Oxycodone has more first time abusers than marijuana or cocaine…
There is oxycodone use in all 3,140 counties in the United States…
Oxycodone has been illicitly abused for the past 20-30 years and is now currently on the rise…
The Drug Abuse Warning Network said that, “Oxycodone-related hospital visits increased from 5,211 visits per year in 1998 to over 10,000 visits per year in 2000.” This continues to grow.
So, has oxycodone drug abuse made its way to college kids?
Unfortunately, Oxycodone drug abuse on college campuses nationwide is beginning to rise just like the use of Oxycodone in general. Oxycodone drug abuse has increased dramatically on college and university campuses since the mid 1990’s. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, in 2002 approximately 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had used Oxycodone non-medically at least once in their life time. The Drug Abuse Warning Network’s Report on Narcotic Analgesics shows that ER visits related to abuse of Oxycodone made up 70 percent of the visits from 2000-2001 and the rates were the highest for the college-age group of people between 18-25 years old.
Although most college students use prescription drugs properly, about one in four people aged 18 to 20 report using these medications non-medically at least once in their lives (NSDUH, 2008).
Non-medical use of pain relievers is on the rise among college-age youth (SAMHSA, 2009a). This age group also has the highest prevalence rate of non-medical use of prescription opioids in the US (McCabe et al, 2007).
College students misuse prescription stimulants to ―get in the zone or pull all night study sessions—a habit that is most likely to begin in college (Teter et al, 2006).
Among people 18 to 22 years of age, full-time college students are twice as likely to use a stimulant for nonmedical reasons in the past year compared to those who aren’t in college or are only part-time students (SAMHSA, 2009).
By students’ sophomore year in college, about half of their classmates will have been offered the opportunity to abuse a prescription drug (Arria, 2008).
Oxycodone Drug Abuse is usually a substitute for heroin drug abuse on college campuses. Because Oxycodone isn’t necessarily a street drug and because Oxycodone is also easily found at college kids’ parent’s houses it makes it more rampant of a drug among young people.
A good place to start when talking about the dangers of smart drugs is to explain what “smart” drugs are.
What are smart drugs?
Students are increasingly using brain power boosting drugs. These are drugs that are normally used for conditions like Alzheimer’s disease and ADHD but are being used by students to improve their academics and handle the workload of school. Smart drugs are also referred to as Nootropics. Nootropic is fragments of Greek words meaning “affecting the mind”. These drugs are memory enhancers, neuro-enhancers, cognitive enhancers and intelligence enhancers. The drugs can come in prescriptions or as supplements. Smart drugs are thought to work by altering the brain’s supply of neurochemicals by improving the brain’s oxygen supply or by stimulating nerve growth.
So what are the dangers of smart drugs?
Smart drugs are usually promoted as being totally harmless. To say smart drugs are harmless would be a total mistake. Taking smart drugs is definitely not the same thing as shooting heroin but smart drugs still have their dangers.
Here are some of the dangers of smart drugs:
Taking smart drugs over a long period of time can change your brain chemistry in multiple different ways.
Depending on what kind of smart drug you are taking depends on its dangers. This can make it hard for any person to determine whether or not they are going to be ok or what negative side effects they may experience.
There are many dangers of smart drugs and quite a few of them are fatally dangerous if not taken with the understanding of their effects.
Some smart drugs are physically addictive
Some smart drugs can cause high blood pressure, insomnia, lowered appetite, and anxiety. These smart drugs are usually stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall.
The dangers of smart drugs go beyond just physical problems too. Some of the dangers of smart drugs include things such as getting caught with pills that aren’t yours or morally a danger of smart drugs is the dependence on a pill to just fix every problem we have.
The biggest danger of smart drugs is that there is so little known about them right now and their adverse side effects of the long term damage they could or could not cause. This lack of knowing makes a lot of students think it is just okay to take smart drugs. This just isn’t so. Smart drugs are fairly new and all the dangers of them just aren’t clear yet. For instance, with some smart drugs the dangers of taking it may not show themselves for a couple years, there could be serious long term damage done to someone.
Anything that can alter the brains chemistry for long cannot be good especially for healthy young adults. Yet most students take smart drugs due to the pressure from school and feel it justified or even needed in order for them to function. Unfortunately it seems like the greatest danger of smart drugs is that they are creating a generation of super intelligent students that are lacking in the life skills department to manage their time and school work effectively without a pill or supplement.