Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, oxy and opana are pretty much the crème de la crème for opiate addicts. First it was oxy, then it was roxy, and more recently it has become opana. Opana abuse has increased recently because of the new formulation of roxy, oxy that keep users from being able to break down the pills and shoot them up. Roxy, oxy and opana are all very similar in their effects but roxy, oxy are essentially the same drug: oxycodone. Opana is oxymorphone.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Roxy, oxy

The active ingredient in roxy is oxycodone, so essentially roxy, oxy are one and the same. Oxycodone is also found in Percocet, OxyContin, OxyFast, etc. Some of these meds, such as roxy and oxy, are short acting, while OxyContin is a sustained release medication.

Oxy is an opiate medication prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. It bears much similarity to hydrocodone, which is most commonly known under the brand name Vicodin. However, oxycodone is believed to be more potent than hydrocodone, making it the drug of choice for many opiate abusers who take the drug for its euphoric effects. In high doses, it can cause shallow breathing, hypotension, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest and death. Roxy is just one of the name brands of oxy.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Opana

The drug Opana, also known as Oxymorphone, is an opioid pain reliever which is similar to morphine. Reformulated OxyContin (oxy) pills make getting high harder, so opioid abusers are turning to Opana (oxymorphone) instead, according to a July 12, 2012, report in USA Today. As a result, the report added, Opana-related crime, including pharmacy robberies and overdose deaths, as well as treatment for oxymorphone addiction have been rising in several states.

Prior to August 2010, when Purdue Pharma reformulated OxyContin, opioid abusers could crush, break, or dissolve the pills in order to snort or inject the drug, which produces a more rapid high. The new formulation cannot be broken, crushed, or dissolved, so addicts must either take larger quantities of the drug or find another option. In Kentucky, according to USA Today, oxymorphone appeared as a factor in 23% of overdoses in 2011, up from just 2% in 2010. In nearby Ohio, the Ohio Substance Abuse Monitoring Network reported in January 2012 that many opioid abusers said they were using oxymorphone as a replacement for oxy. This is not the first time oxymorphone abuse has been in the spotlight. According to a May 2011 intelligence brief from the Drug Enforcement Administration, oxymorphone abuse was popular during the early 1970s, when many who injected it considered it superior to heroin or morphine. The brief singled out New Castle, Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as present-day hot spots of oxymorphone abuse.

Other than a drug test, one can use the following symptoms to detect or roxy, oxy and opana abuse:

•Drowsiness, sometimes to the point of nodding off

•Sedation

•Euphoria

•Lightheadedness

•Itching

•Nausea and vomiting

•Constipation

•Low blood pressure

•Respiratory suppression

•Headache

•Dry mouth

•Sweating

Constricted pupils, although overdose may bring about dilated pupils.

Overdose deaths can occur due to respiratory suppression, especially when oxy, roxy, and opana or any opiate is combined with another drug that suppresses respiration, like another opiate, benzodiazepines or alcohol.

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_the_pain_medications_oxycodone_and_roxicodone

http://www.pharmacytimes.com/news/Reformulated-OxyContin-Leads-to-Increased-Opana-Abuse

Opana Abuse

Opana Abuse

Opana abuse is just the newest phase of what is officially the painkiller epidemic. Before opana abuse it was OxyContin. Opana is on the rise and has overtaken OxyContin as the most popular drug for painkiller abusers. The CDC has classified the abuse of painkillers as an epidemic because of the 1.3 million ER visits in 2010 which is a 115% increase since 2004. Not only had that but overdose deaths from opiates surpassed deaths from heroin and cocaine for the first time in 2008. And opana abuse is just the newest and most recent thing to hit the streets recently. Opana abuse made its debut after the makers of OxyContin made it hard for drug users to crush and inject it.

Opana is another name for the generic drug known as oxymorphone. Opana is also known as Opana ER and Numorphone HCI. Opana is a narcotic pain reliever that treats moderate to severe pain; Opana ER is the extended release version which treats chronic long lasting pain.

Opana is very habit forming and has a high potential for abuse. Opana abuse or just taking Opana for a long period of time can lead to the development of a tolerance, addiction and overdose. Once a person becomes physically addicted to Opana they will suffer from withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking the drug abruptly.

Opanas are knows as blues, biscuits, octagons, stop signs, pink, pink heaven, Mrs O, Orgasna IR, OM, Pink O, The O bomb and other street names. Like other painkillers, opana causes feelings of euphoria, well-being, increased sociability and similar effects that make it desirable to abuse.

What is Opana abuse?

The signs of opana abuse are similar to the signs of prescription drug abuse in general. Opana can be easily gotten from pharmacies, hospitals and by those with prescriptions. If an individual doesn’t have a prescription it can be bought on the street or sold illicitly. Some common signs of opana abuse are:

  • Doctor shopping to get more than one prescription for opana
  • Fake call-ins for refills
  • Stealing prescription pads and forging prescriptions

Opana abuse includes overusing the drug, tampering with the medication such as crushing it up and snorting it or shooting it up. Opana abuse also includes mixing it with other drugs to heighten the effects. Opana is extremely dangerous when mixed with other drugs because it is so potent and can easily lead to overdose and in the worst case scenario; death. Some dangerous drug combinations when mixed with opana abuse are:

  • Alcohol
  • Sedatives
  • Tranquilizers
  • Other opiates

Signs and symptoms of an opana overdose are:

  • Lethargy
  • Relaxed muscles
  • Respiratory depression
  • Low blood pressure
  • Coma
  • Cardiac and respiratory collapse
  • Death

Opana abuse, addiction and overdose are up and coming as law enforcement and health professionals begin to see more and more effects of the drugs. Opana abuse is a new and deadly trend in illicit drug use. There is good news though, opana abuse is treatable and no one has to die from it. With the use of a detox facility and treatment an addiction opana or opana abuse can be eliminated and treated.

Source: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2012-07-10/opana-painkiller-addiction/56137086/1

 

The History of Oxycodone

The History of Oxycodone

Oxycodone is a powerful narcotic analgesic. It is the active ingredient in a number of commonly prescribed pain relief medications such as Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox, which are oxycodone plus some sort of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like aspirin or acetaminophen. Oxycodone is also the active ingredient in OxyContin, a time release, long-acting form of the drug, and Roxicodone, a short acting form of the drug.

Oxycodone, like all drugs in the opiate class, is derived the opium plant. Many similar compounds were sold over the counter in the 19th century. In 1898, Bayer pharmaceuticals released an extremely potent compound known as heroin.

Oxycodone was synthesized from thebaine, which is derived from the opium plant. It was developed in Germany in 1916 as an alternative to heroin, which had been outlawed a couple years prior. It was hoped that oxycodone would have the analgesic (pain-killing) power of heroin without the dependence issues. It was first introduced to American consumers in 1939, but did not become widely used until the release of Percodan (oxycodone plus aspirin) in 1950.

As more people were prescribed oxycodone, its potential for addiction became more widely known.  In 1963, the attorney general of California publicly denounced Percodan abuse as the source of one-third of all drug addictions within the state. As a result, regulation of oxycodone in the United States was increased. In 1970, oxycodone, along with all other opiates, was made a Schedule II drug under the Federal Controlled Substances Act.

In 1974, the FDA approved Percocet (oxycodone plus acetaminophen). It was prescribed in very small quantities. Over the next decade, however, the attitudes towards management of chronic pain began to change. Instead of using painkillers for acute or malignant pain, doctors began to prescribe it for chronic pain. Many of the states adopted new policies that supported the wider use of painkillers by doctors.

In 1995, Purdue pharmaceuticals released OxyContin. Shortly thereafter, Purdue implemented an aggressive marketing campaign. It promoted the use of OxyContin by primary care providers, use in non-cancer pain, and its use as first line therapy for chronic pain. Its marketing was physician directed, and certain promotional claims were even cited in medical journals. Within in two years, OxyContin came to account for 80 percent of all Perdue profits.

As the use of OxyContin became more wide spread, reports of abuse began to increase exponentially. Before the release of OxyContin, all formulations of oxycodone contained an NSAID, which limited its potential for abuse. The NSAID component of the drugs also restricted the routes of administration to oral ingestion. When OxyContin was released, abusers realized that they could crush the pill to release pure oxycodone (up to 80mg in one pill), which allowed larger doses and by additional routes of administrations such as intravenous and intranasal. Due to the widespread abuse, particularly in rural areas, OxyContin came to be known as “Hillbilly Heroin.”

Soon, the lawsuits began. Purdue was accused of disseminating misleading information about OxyContin. In 2001, both the FDA and Purdue issued warnings against the recreational use of the drug. Despite the warnings, OxyContin continued to be one of the most widely abused drugs in the United States.

In 2011, to try to curb abuse of the drug, manufacturers added additional binders to the formulation to prevent the grinding of tablets for insufflation or injection, and to maintain OxyContin’s extended release characteristics. The added binders greatly reduced the recreational value of OxyContin, because they were not easily broken down.

http://www.ehow.com/about_5397213_history-oxycodone.html

http://www.fda.gov/downloads/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/Drugs/AnestheticAndLifeSupportDrugsAdvisoryCommittee/UCM248776.pdf

 

Narcotic Fact Sheet

Narcotic Fact Sheet

Prescription opioids are some of the most commonly abused substances in America. These opioids work by binding with opioid receptors in the brain. They bind to the same receptors that the bodies’ natural painkillers bind to. After prolonged opiate use, the body stops producing natural painkillers, resulting in opiate dependency. Opiates are such powerful narcotics that the body can become dependent on them even when they prescribed by a physician for the treatment of pain and are taken in the prescribed dosage.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet

Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet are all brand names for the combination drug containing hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opiate. Usually, it is combined with non-opioid painkillers like acetaminophen to discourage recreational use and to increase the painkilling effects.  Hydrocodone is also a cough suppressant, so it is used in many prescription cough medications.

While additives such as acetaminophen are added to hydrocodone products in part to discourage illicit use, the danger is that people who do abuse hydrocodone products may not be aware that they are taking high levels of acetaminophen. This can be very dangerous, and in many cases, long term hydrocodone abuse can cause liver problems because these drugs are toxic in high doses, and can even be fatal.

Another reason that hydrocodone is less likely to be abused than drugs like pure oxycodone, is that the metabolism of hydrocodone prevents it from alternate routes of administration like snorting and injection. This is because the main painkilling effect of hydrocodone use comes from its conversion to the much stronger opioid hydromorphone in the liver. When the drug is snorted or injected, it bypasses this metabolic process, so it actually results in a less strong effect. Also, because hydrocodone users must separate the hydrocodone from the acetaminophen additives before injecting it, some of the hydrocodone is lost in the process. Hydrocodone is also only about half as strong as oral oxycodone.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Percocet

Percocet is the brand name of the combination drug containing oxycodone and acetaminophen. As with the hydrocodone combination products, acetaminophen is added to oxycodone to both potentiate the painkilling effects and to discourage abuse. Percocet comes in doses of 10/325 (10 mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen) or 5/325 (5mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen).Percocet is an oral medication.

Oxycodone is a powerful analgesic synthesized from thebaine, which is derived from the opium plant. It was developed in Germany in 1916 as an alternative to heroin, which had been outlawed a couple years prior. It was hoped that oxycodone would have the analgesic (pain-killing) power of heroin without the dependence issues. However, since its inception, oxycodone has been subject to abuse.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Roxicodone

Roxicodone is the brand name of a drug that contains pure oxycodone; it does not contain ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin, like other oxycodone-containing products (i.e. Percodan, Percocet, and Tylox).Roxicodone pills generally come in 15 or 30 mg doses. It is an immediate release form of oxycodone, unlike the time-release form of the drug: OxyContin. Because it is pure immediate release, pure oxycodone, the potential for abuse of oxycodone is very high.

Q&A: How do Roxies Affect Your Brain?

Roxicodone

What are roxies?

Roxies are also called Roxicodone. Roxicodone, sometimes spelled “Roxycodone,” is a potent narcotic pain reliever that blocks the perception of pain by binding to opiate receptors in the brain and body. Roxycodone is recommended for treating moderate to severe pain or to sedate a patient prior to surgery. The recommended adult dose of Roxycodone can vary depending on the patient’s response, his or her weight and size and the severity of pain. Roxycodone is the brand name for oxycodone, available in immediate-release tablets. The drug Roxycodone, is an opioid, meaning that while it’s a powerful tool in the battle for pain management, it also has a tendency to be habit-forming.

How do roxies affect your brain?

When you are in pain your brain is sending off messages. Specific parts of the brain get excited and tell your body you are in pain. Roxies keep this from happening.

Roxies alter your perception and emotional response to pain by binding to opioid receptors in the central nervous system. Roxies affect the brain by acting the same way any other opioid does.

Roxies bind to specific receptors in the brain that deal with pain and pleasure. These receptors are known as mu, kappa, and delta receptors. When roxies bind to these receptors it keeps the neurons from getting excited and telling your brain you are in pain and instead tells your brain you feel good. Roxies decrease the excitability or response of those neurons and also blocks them from sending the messages of pain.

Opiate agonists like roxies do not completely alter the brain though, just the parts of the brain that perceive pain and pleasure. This is what makes them so effective. Roxies can relieve pain without causing a loss consciousness. The reason for this is because roxies alter the perception of pain in higher levels in the central nervous system as well as altering your emotional response to the pain in the pleasure centers. This is what results in the pain relief and the euphoria that many recreational users of roxies experience. This is also what makes roxies highly addictive. Especially for someone who has been taking roxies for a long period of time, they have altered their pain or opiate receptors to the point that now the brain is no longer dealing with pain on its own but is reliant on the medication. Through constant stimulation of key pleasure centers within the brain, and its reward system, opiate users are conditioned to want more of the drug.

Roxies may not affect the brain entirely, only the pain and pleasure receptors but they do affect other parts of the brain and nervous system. For instance, in addition to pain relief, roxies stop the cough reflex, slows breathing and causes the pupils to shrink. Roxies also have the ability to lower body temperature. The two biggest affects roxies have on the nervous system are:

  • Suppressed cough – Roxies are also a cough suppressant. Roxies suppress the cough reflex because they affect the cough center in the medulla. The medulla is located in the brain and controls breathing etc.
  • Respiratory depression -Roxies also cause respiratory depression or decreased breathing because it directly affects the brain stem’s respiratory centers. This is when overdose from roxies happen. Slowed breathing reduces the responsiveness of the brain stem respiratory centers. By doing this it compounds on itself and cause death.

Oxycodone Drug Abuse on College Campus

Oxycodone Drug Abuse in College

Oxycodone Drug Abuse on College Campus

Oxycodone is an opioid prescription pain medication. An opioid in some instances is called a narcotic. Oxycodone is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The extended-release form of oxycodone is for long-term treatment of chronic pain. Oxycodone is most commonly prescribed to patients to manage pain after a big medical procedure or surgery.

The illicit use of prescription painkillers such as Oxycodone is now the number one reason for drug overdose related deaths in the United States. Oxycodone drug abuse is nationwide because of its known euphoric effects, its ability to lessen anxiety, and to give the user an overall pleasant experience. Oxycodone is also extremely addictive so this goes hand in hand with the why it is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States. People who abuse Oxycodone usually chew or crush the pills to snort or intravenously inject directly into their blood stream.

Here are some general Oxycodone Drug abuse facts:

  • Oxycodone has more first time abusers than marijuana or cocaine…
  • There is oxycodone use in all 3,140 counties in the United States…
  • Oxycodone has been illicitly abused for the past 20-30 years and is now currently on the rise…
  • The Drug Abuse Warning Network said that, “Oxycodone-related hospital visits increased from 5,211 visits per year in 1998 to over 10,000 visits per year in 2000.” This continues to grow.

So, has oxycodone drug abuse made its way to college kids?

Unfortunately, Oxycodone drug abuse on college campuses nationwide is beginning to rise just like the use of Oxycodone in general. Oxycodone drug abuse has increased dramatically on college and university campuses since the mid 1990’s. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, in 2002 approximately 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had used Oxycodone non-medically at least once in their life time. The Drug Abuse Warning Network’s Report on Narcotic Analgesics shows that ER visits related to abuse of Oxycodone made up 70 percent of the visits from 2000-2001 and the rates were the highest for the college-age group of people between 18-25 years old.

  • Although most college students use prescription drugs properly, about one in four people aged 18 to 20 report using these medications non-medically at least once in their lives (NSDUH, 2008).
  • Non-medical use of pain relievers is on the rise among college-age youth (SAMHSA, 2009a). This age group also has the highest prevalence rate of non-medical use of prescription opioids in the US (McCabe et al, 2007).
  • College students misuse prescription stimulants to ―get in the zone or pull all night study sessions—a habit that is most likely to begin in college (Teter et al, 2006).
  • Among people 18 to 22 years of age, full-time college students are twice as likely to use a stimulant for nonmedical reasons in the past year compared to those who aren’t in college or are only part-time students (SAMHSA, 2009).
  • By students’ sophomore year in college, about half of their classmates will have been offered the opportunity to abuse a prescription drug (Arria, 2008).

Oxycodone Drug Abuse is usually a substitute for heroin drug abuse on college campuses. Because Oxycodone isn’t necessarily a street drug and because Oxycodone is also easily found at college kids’ parent’s houses it makes it more rampant of a drug among young people.

http://www.uwc.edu/aode/drugs/documents/PD-GettheFactsbooklet.pdf

Roxicodone, Oxycodone and OxyContin Explained

OxyContin

Roxicodone, Oxycodone and OxyContin Explained

Roxicodone, Oxycodone and OxyContin are all opioids. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic. In this case Roxicodone, oxycodone, and OxyContin are all narcotic pain killers that are used in the treatment for moderate to severe pain. Here are Roxicodone, oxycodone, and Oxycontin explained.

Roxicodone, Oxycodone  and Oxycontin   

Roxicodone is the brand name for the narcotic pain killer known as Oxycodone. Roxicodone or Oxycodone works by dulling the pain perception centers in the brain. At high doses, Roxicodone may affect other body systems such as the respiratory system and circulatory system. Roxicodone or Oxycodone is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone or Roxies can be abused by snorting or injecting them although when prescribed they are meant to be taken orally. The usual dose of Oxycodone is 10 to 30 milligrams every 4 hours as needed for pain. The doses of Roxicodone can be adjusted based on the severity of the pain. Very severe pain could require 30 milligrams or more every 4 hours. Roxicodone is actually just another name for Oxycodone there are no differences between the two drugs Roxicodone and Oxycodone.

Now, Oxycontin is the same thing as Oxycodone but in a time release form. This means that Oxycontin when taken slowly releases the medicine over a longer period of time. This means that Oxycontin is used for pain maintenance and not necessarily for the immediately relief of severe pain or for pain and anxiety before surgery. Oxycontin comes in 10-160 milligram time release tablets used for chronic and/or long-lasting pain. Oxycontin is prescribed to be taken twice a day which is different than its sister opioid Oxycodone which needs to be taken multiple times a day. Oxycontin is meant to be taken orally but can be snorted or injected by abusers.

Some of the symptoms of Roxicodone, Oxycodone, and Oxycontin are:

  • Slow breathing (respiratory depression)
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Tiredness
  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Small pupils
  • Reduced vision
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Clouding of mental functions

Roxicodone, Oxycodone and Oxycontin are all highly addictive. All opioids are highly addictive. Even people who take Roxicodone, Oxycodone and Oxycontin as prescribed cannot suddenly stop taking their medication. If they do stop taking their medication, regardless if it is Roxicodone, Oxycodone, or Oxycontin, they will experience withdrawal symptoms.

Here are some of the withdrawal symptoms of Roxicodone, Oxycodone, and Oxycontin:

  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Constant yawning
  • Hot/cold sweats
  • Heart palpitations
  • Joints and muscles ache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Uncontrollable coughing
  • Diarrhea
  • Insomnia
  • Watery eyes
  • Depression

All in all Roxicodone, oxycodone, and Oxycontin are basically the same opiate narcotic painkiller with just a few slight differences. Roxicodone and oxycodone are the same drug whereas Oxycontin is a time release form of oxycodone. This is Roxicodone, oxycodone and Oxycontin explained. Don’t let all the different names for the same drug confuse you because they all have the same effects just are used for different things.

Sources: http://alcoholism.about.com/od/oxy/a/oxycontin.html

OxyContin Detox

OxyContin Detox

OxyContin Detox

OxyContin is part of a highly addictive class of drugs known as opiates. It is a powerful narcotic analgesic (painkiller) that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. It also causes a feeling of euphoria.

OxyContin Detox: What is it?

OxyContin detox is the process of controlling withdrawal from OxyContin and lessening the physical effects of purging the body of addictive substances.  When an individual is physically dependent on OxyContin and they suddenly stop using OxyContin or reduce the dose significantly, they experience a set of symptoms known as OxyContin withdrawal.

OxyContin Detox: What is OxyContin Withdrawal?

OxyContin withdrawal results when a person becomes “tolerant” to OxyContin.  Tolerance results when the body adapts to regular OxyContin use over a long period of time. Eventually, it takes more and more of the OxyContin to produce the original effect. This is what happens to long term OxyContin users. Their bodies expect the OxyContin. When OxyContin use is stopped or the dose is significantly reduced, the body reacts in a physical way. It can be very painful. This is why the OxyContin detox process is so important.

OxyContin Detox: Who Can Get OxyContin Withdrawal?

Anyone who has taken OxyContin over a period of time (usually a couple weeks or more), can experience withdrawal. Even people who are taking OxyContin in prescribed doses can experience withdrawal. This is why in a medical settings, doctors usually try to wean a patient off OxyContin gradually, to avoid withdrawal. The likelihood of withdrawal depends on dose, length of time they have been using the drug, and other life factors.

OxyContin Detox: What Are The symptoms?

OxyContin withdrawal symptoms are similar to flu symptoms. Common symptoms of OxyContin withdrawal include:

  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle aches
  • Insomnia
  • Runny Nose
  • Sneezing
  • Yawning
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Goose bumps
  • Dilated pupils
  • Abdominal cramping

OxyContin Detox: Is Withdrawal Dangerous?

OxyContin Withdrawal is very painful, but it is not life-threatening in a healthy adults. Sometimes complications can occur that are also dangerous. Vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration, and aspiration of vomit into the lungs is possible. One of the biggest dangers, however, is if you quit taking OxyContin and then start to take it again. Once you have withdrawn from OxyContin, your tolerance is greatly reduced, so you are able to overdose from doses that you may have handled well before withdrawal. Many overdose deaths from OxyContin occur after someone has been detoxed or withdrawn from OxyContin.

OxyContin Detox: What Does It Entail?

OxyContin detox is much more comfortable and safe than withdrawal on your own. Many medications are used to treat the symptoms of withdrawal during oxycodone detox. These can include anti-anxiety medications, blood pressure medications, opiate substitution medications, etcetera. Most of the time OxyContin detox is carried out in a safe, medical environment, where medical professionals are able to keep an eye on you at all times in order to prevent complications. The severity and length of withdrawal symptoms will vary from individual to individual, so it is important that your needs be accessed by a medical professional.

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse

OxyContin is a narcotic painkiller that has become popular for treating pain. However, OxyContin use can give way to addiction, even in cases where the drug is prescribed for legitimate pain. The psychological effects of OxyContin abuse can be extreme, affecting memory, mood and cognition.

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse: Cognition and Memory

OxyContin significantly affects the brain’s function. OxyContin can affect the brain’s ability to form, retain and recall information, leading to memory problems. Users often experience problems with concentration and cognition as well.  The cognitive processes may be disrupted, particularly during use and during the withdrawal phase.

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse: Tolerance and Withdrawal

OxyContin works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain. They bind to the same receptors that our bodies’ natural painkillers bind to. After prolonged OxyContin use, the body stops producing natural painkillers (neurotransmitters) resulting in opiate dependency. When an individual is physically dependent on OxyContin and they suddenly stop using OxyContin or reduce the dose significantly, they experience a set of symptoms known as OxyContin withdrawal.

OxyContin withdrawal results when a person becomes “tolerant” to OxyContin.  Tolerance results when the brain adapts to regular OxyContin use over a long period of time. Eventually, it takes more and more of the OxyContin to produce the original effect. This is what happens to long term OxyContin users. Their brains expect the OxyContin. When OxyContin use is stopped or the dose is significantly reduced, the body reacts in a physical way. It can be very painful because pain sensitivity actually increases.

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse: Mood

Because OxyContin affects the neurotransmitters your body produces, it can have a profound effect on your mood. OxyContin triggers the “reward pathway” in the brain. This is the pathway that is activated when something good happens normally- exercise, sex, and chocolate can all trigger this pathway. OxyContin causes an extreme reaction in this pathway, causing an overproduction of so-called “pleasure chemicals” in the brain. Over time, the pathway adapts to the constant influx of these chemicals. It stops producing as many chemicals in response to the OxyContin (and any other pleasurable event) and the reward pathway also becomes less responsive to the chemicals. When OxyContin use is stopped or significantly reduced, the individual experiences depression, anxiety, and craving.

Because of this effect on the reward pathway, users often experience mood swings. During the high the user could be happy and excited, but once the drug begins to leave the body, users often become irritable and depressed. These mood swings can make OxyContin users unpredictable. They may be aggressive or easily agitated.

Psychological Effects of OxyContin Abuse: Emotional

OxyContin addiction can lead to emotional problems over time, including delusions, hallucinations, or even delirium with long-term addiction. Due to alterations in natural brain chemistry, long term OxyContin use can also trigger mood swings, clinical depression, panic attacks and sleep disorders. These emotional effects can last for months or even years after OxyContin use is stopped.

OxyContin’s effects on children

OxyContin’s effects on children

Oxycontin’s effects on children are still unknown. What is known that is Oxycontin is highly addictive and a dangerous pharmaceutical painkiller even for adults. The reason OxyContin effects on children are still unknown is because it is not approved although recently there are test being done to study OxyContin effects on children. Purdue pharma is beginning test on terminally ill children as well as children with moderate to severe pain to see how OxyContin affects them specifically. The results of these test are still unknown.

What about Oxycontin is known?

Oxycontin effects are similar to those of heroin and morphine. OxyContin when taken as prescribed for a long period of time is highly addictive but does offer pain relief for those with chronic pain. Oxycontin if taken recreationally can be fatal. In fact OxyContin’s effects are so powerful even if it is taken as prescribed that it can cause overdose and sometimes death. Oxycontin has caused a new epidemic of prescription drug abuse throughout the United States. Some of the symptoms of taking too much OxyContin are:

Some symptoms of OxyContin overdose include:

So it could be extremely dangerous for children to take it just looking at the effects of OxyContin in general. The problem with children taking OxyContin is not only that because of its intense painkilling effects but also because of its high probability of addiction.

Because OxyContin effects on children are still unknown it can be severely damaging to them if they begin taking it or abusing it for any reason.

One of the biggest reasons that OxyContin effects on children can’t be tested is because of the dangers of it. No one knows how the children will react to OxyContin or how OxyContin will affect their mind and body.

Oxycontin effects on children shouldn’t be known because children shouldn’t be taken such a powerful narcotic painkiller. Really what they should do is stick with what already works. The dangers associated with OxyContin already are not something that should be subjected to children when there are other narcotic painkillers available. Morphine and dilaudid are used on children and the effects have been studied, seen, and tested again and again. Putting OxyContin effects on children is just another problem to add to the already epic sized issue the country has with OxyContin.

Oxycontin effects on children may soon be known. The study that Purdue Pharma is currently conducting is not a placebo trial. Instead, it involves about 150 patients from 6 to 16 years of age who are already on opioid painkillers. In the study, which is expected to be completed next year, those patients will get OxyContin for up to six months.