Oxycodone Fact Sheet

Oxycodone Fact Sheet

The FDA has warned of a prescription drug epidemic within the United States. It’s important to know as much as possible about the most commonly abuse prescription drugs. Oxycodone is a schedule II controlled substance that treats moderate to severe pain. It’s abuse is nationwide, here’s a oxycodone fact sheet for your edification:

  • Oxycodone. The trade names of Oxycodone are Tylox, Perocdan and Oxycontin, Percocet, Endocet, and Roxicet.
  • Oxycodone is used for moderate pain control, chronic pain, and for the treatment of pain due to terminal cancer.
  • Oxycodone is manufactured from thebaine.
  • Oxycodone works by affecting the central nervous system’s response to pain.
  • Oxycodone can cause headaches, constipation, nausea, dizziness, dry mouth, loss of appetite, and weakness.
  • 5mg of oxycodone is equal to 30mg of codeine when taken orally.
  • Oxycodone and morphine are equal when it comes to pain control for the general population. 10mg of oxycodone taken orally is the exact equivalent of 10mg of morphine administered under the skin. Oxycodone is considered to be like morphine and despite its commonality with codeine is more like morphine in its rate of dependence.
  • Oxycodone abuse has been a problem in the United States since the early 1960s. The abuse caused pill companies to make a new form of oxycodone which you know today s Oxycontin.
  • Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid. This means that it is structured like codeine and is equal to morphine in its effects.
  • The first reports of oxycodone’s euphoric effects came from the oxycodone brand Eukodal and was said to produce a “striking euphoria” and abuse symptoms began to be published in Germany in the 1920s.
  • Oxycodone is abused for its morphine like effects.
  • Oxycodone’s effects can last for up to 5 hours.
  • Oxycodone can last longer than 5 hours if it is the sustained-release formula.
  • The adverse effects of oxycodone abuse are the dependence upon the drug and the development of a tolerance or need to use more.
  • Oxycodone can be abused orally, nasally, or intravenously. It is prescribed to be taken orally but it does come in tablet, capsule and liquid forms.
  • Oxycodone comes in a variety of colors, markings and packaging.
  • The major source of oxycodone to the street has been through forged prescriptions, unregulated pharmacists, doctors, and dentists, “doctor shopping” by opiate addicts and large-scale thefts.
  • Oxycodone sells for .50 to 1.00 per milligram on the street. This means that a 30mg oxycodone pill will sells for 30 dollars on the street.
  • Oxycodone comes in doses of 160mg tablets now.
  • The street name for oxycodone is usually OC, OXY, Oxycotton, killers, Percs, and Percodoms.
  • Oxycodone comes in tablet forms of 10,20,40,80 and 160mg.
  • Painkillers such as oxycodone are ranked second behind marijuana in prevalencey of illegal drug use.
  • Oxycodone is the most abused narcotic in the country.
  • In 2010 pharmacies in the USA ordered more than 3.1 billion doses of oxycodone. Out of those doses 421 million of them were purchased by the state of Florida. That is more than 23 states combined.
  • A pharmacy in FL purchased 2.3 million doses of oxycodone in 2010 making it the #1 pharmacy in the state.

Sources:

http://www.ehow.com/facts_7425399_interesting-drug-oxycodone.html

http://www.mckytonlaw.com/blog/2011/09/20/some-facts-about-oxycodone-in-florida/

http://www.patmoorefoundation.com/oxycontin-oxycodone-facts-about-usage-abuse-addiction-and-treatment