Are Roxys Worse Than Heroin?

Are Roxys Worse Than Heroin?

Roxys, slang for Roxicodone – a brand name for the generic oxycodone, is basically heroin in a pill form. It is an opioid, narcotic painkiller that is highly addictive. Roxys can be swallowed, smoked, crushed and snorted, or mixed with water and injected – all just like heroin.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Social Acceptance

What makes roxys worse than heroin, in a way, is their social acceptance. Roxicodone and Roxicet are legal by prescription whereas heroin is a known illicit “street drug.” People who are prescribed roxys by their doctors are more likely to follow doctors’ orders without asking questions about the drug they are being given. Roxicodone is a powerfully potent narcotic that has the same incidence of addictiveness as heroin.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Accessibility

Roxy is arguably worse than heroin because it is a lot more accessible than heroin. Whereas heroin is only available on the street, roxys can be found in many home medicine cabinets. More and more high school students and college students are taking painkillers like roxycodone because their parents or their friends’ parents leave their prescription bottles lying around. Also, people who they themselves have been prescribed roxys due to a legitimate condition with pain become hooked and can simply get their doctors to keep prescribing the painkillers. And, roxys like heroin can be bought “on the street,” too.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Physical Dependence

Roxys come in 15, 20, and 30 mg and it is said that a 30mg pill of Roxicodone or Roxicet is the equivalent to one bag of heroin but that is not a trusted way to compare the two, since heroin potency can vary from bag to bag and batch to batch.

The withdrawal from roxys and heroin can range from mild to severe, depending on how much and how long you have been taking either drug. Withdrawal symptoms usually begin six to 30 hours after last use and can be compared to flu-like in nature. People who are physically dependent on roxys or heroin will experience agitation, anxiety, muscle aches, watery eyes, insomnia, runny nose, sweating, and constant yawning when they suddenly stop using, or go cold turkey. Also, restless legs (and arms, neck, hands, and feet) also called “the jimmies,” anxiety, and depression are all part and parcel of opiate withdrawal. These symptoms are virtually the same for both roxy users and heroin users.

Some people say withdrawal from roxies is worse than heroin and other say that heroin withdrawal is worse. It really depends on the individual, how much they have been using, for how long, and the number of times they have gone cold turkey. Because, every time you “kick” is like a shock to the system and so each time gets worse and worse.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Overdose

Both heroin and roxys are a central nervous system depressant which means that, if you take too much, your breathing can be slowed to a halt. This is when overdose occurs. Many times, people simply fall asleep and stop breathing when they have taken too much of either drug. Heroin may be slightly worse than roxys in this capacity because its potency is never exactly known whereas, a 30mg roxy pill is always 30mg. But, people abusing roxys and heroin have the same tendency to overdo it, leading to tragic repercussions.

So, Are Roxys Worse than Heroin?

Basically, these drugs are one in the same and are both extremely potent and addictive. Because of their social acceptance and accessibility, it can be argued that roxys are worse than heroin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.drugsense.org/

http://alcoholism.about.com/

Nucynta Addiction

Nucynta Addiction

Nucynta is the brand name for an opioid SNRI known as Tapentadol. Nucynta provides pain relief that is comparable to other more well-known opioid analgesics such as hydrocodone and oxycodone but has more tolerable side effects. The way Nucynta works has been compared to tramadol and oxycodone but its potency is said to be somewhere between morphine and tramadol in effectiveness.

Nucynta is a brand new opioid analgesic to hit the market. Nucynta or Tapentadol, was approved by the United States FDA for the treatment of moderate to acute pain, and in 2011, the extended release formula of the drug known as Nucynta ER, was approved by the US FDA for the treatment of specific types of moderate to severe chronic pain. Because Nucynta not only helps to combat pain but also helps with norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, Nucynta has the possibility of helping with many off-label uses including chronic pain and certain mood disorders. The mixture of an opiate and a serotonin-norepinephrine (SNRI) reuptake inhibitor is meant to make the opiate more effective.

So if Nucynta is an opiate is it addictive?

Yes. Nucynta has many adverse effects including an addiction potential. Many of the side effects of Nucynta are similar to those of oxycodone and morphine. Nucynta has been shown to cause less nausea and dizziness than morphine though. Nucynta can impair physical and mental abilities and with regular use can result in dependence which can lead to a Nucynta addiction. Someone who has a Nucynta addiction will experience Nucynta withdrawal symptoms just as they would if they had any other kind of opiate addiction.

Nucynta addiction

Nucynta can be abuse either by crushing, chewing, snorting or injecting it. Using Nucynta in this way can easily lead to an overdose and potentially death. Nucynta addiction overdose is not very common but it can happen. Nucynta can suppress breathing and this can cause overdose and death. Nucynta overdose is more likely to happen if it is taken with other drug such as alcohol. Alcohol has been shown to increase the effects of Nucynta making it much more dangerous. Signs of a Nucynta overdose can include hypotension, coma, respiratory depression, and somnolence.

Someone who has a past history of addiction is at a much higher risk of abusing Nucynta and is at a higher risk of using Nucynta with other drugs and alcohol; and is therefore also at a much higher risk of developing a Nucynta addiction.

Nucynta addiction looks just like an addiction to any other opiate. Many Nucynta addicts will use the same methods to get the drug that they would use to get morphine or oxycodone. Nucynta addiction can cause a person to doctor shop, medication seek, and buy the drug on the street. The potential this drug has for a Nucynta addiction is part of the reason it is classified as a Schedule II narcotic with oxycodone and morphine.

Once a Nucynta addiction has formed in order for the individual to get off the drug they have to go through the withdrawal process. Withdrawal symptoms due to a Nucynta addiction can be realy unpleasant and just as with any other opiate withdrawal it is recommended that a Nucynta addict seek professional medical help.

Nucynta addiction withdrawal symptoms can include but are not limited to:

  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Tremors
  • Diarrhea
  • Hallucinations

Treatment for a Nucynta addiction usually begins with detox where the individual will be given suboxone or will slowly taper off the medication. Luckily for anyone with a Nucynta addiction treatment is available and no one has to be stuck in it.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapentadol

http://www.webmd.com/drugs/drug-152563-Nucynta+Oral.aspx?drugid=152563&drugname=Nucynta+Oral&source=0&pagenumber=4

How to Survive Opiate Withdrawal

How to Survive Opiate Withdrawal

First of all, good luck. If you have never experienced opiate withdrawal symptoms, also called being dope sick, you are lucky. If you have, then you know what hell on earth feels like. And, if you have gone through opiate withdrawals more than once, you probably also have noticed that they get worse every subsequent time you stop or run out of your supply. This is because your body is going through a kind of shock: your brain has been altered by taking opiates (such as Oxycodone, Roxicet, heroin, etc.) and without these substances, your brain and therefore body go into panic mode.

Often times compared to being flu-like symptoms, opiate withdrawals are intense, acute, and although not life-threatening, it sure feels like you’re dying.

While going through opiate withdrawal, you may experience some or all of the following:

  • Agitation and anxiety
  • Depression
  • Muscle aches
  • Watery Eyes
  • Sweating
  • Insomnia
  • Runny nose
  • Restlessness
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Dilated pupils
  • Chills and goose bumps

Here are 10 things you can do to survive opiate withdrawal:

1. Prepare a comfortable environment:

Keep your tablet or TV and DVD player nearby so that you can watch some lighthearted movies.

Make sure that your room is at a comfortable temperature, and make sure that you have some soft blankets and maybe a fan. Prepare to change your sheets often because of sweating.

Wear loose and comfortable clothing. Again, you’ll probably have to change clothes a lot because of the sweating.

2. Avoid going through opiate withdrawal alone. If you don’t plan to check yourself into a rehab facility, then stay with someone who can support you during the withdrawal period.

3. Take some time off from your usual activities. Opiate withdrawal may take up to 2 weeks, so try to take some time off of work. If you have a family, then check yourself into a rehab facility or go somewhere where your children won’t have to see you going through opiate withdrawals.

4. Slowly taper off your narcotics. Reduce your doses of opioids or medications by about 20 to 25 percent every 2 or 3 days to minimize opiate withdrawals.

5. Try community detox. Check out your local methadone clinic so that you can gradually wean yourself off of narcotics by taking gradually decreasing doses of methadone. Community detox will allow you to go on with your daily life without checking in to an in-patient facility.

6. Go to a psychiatric ward or other inpatient psychiatric facility if you’ve had episodes of suicidal thoughts or hurting yourself in the past. Opiate withdrawal can bring out these negative behaviors, which could put you in real danger. If you have a history of depression or other psychiatric problems, then do your detox under medical supervision.

7. Check yourself into a rehabilitation facility.

Also called inpatient therapy, you will receive individual and group therapy and support. While you stay in a rehabilitation facility, you can talk to counselors about your addiction or you can spend time in support groups with other addicts.

8. Give yourself a lot of positive reinforcement. Try some of these strategies:

Tell yourself that your withdrawal pains from opiates are like labor pains. You’re giving birth to a new you.

Write a notice to yourself that says, “I’m a fantastic person, and I’m doing something amazing.” Post the notice where you can see it.

Give yourself a non-drug reward for every day that you make it through opiate withdrawal.

9. Remember to eat food and drink water. You may not feel like eating or drinking fluids, but your body needs nourishment and hydration. Eat saltines or yogurt or other foods that are easy on your stomach. Also, be sure to drink water or fruit juice to replace any fluids that you lose from vomiting or diarrhea.

10. Get some light exercise. Don’t overdo it, but take a short walk around your neighborhood or do some light housework. Exercise will keep your spirits up and will help to distract you from the symptoms of opiate withdrawal.

 

 

Sources:

http://www.wikihow.com/

http://www.health.harvard.edu/

Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, oxy and opana are pretty much the crème de la crème for opiate addicts. First it was oxy, then it was roxy, and more recently it has become opana. Opana abuse has increased recently because of the new formulation of roxy, oxy that keep users from being able to break down the pills and shoot them up. Roxy, oxy and opana are all very similar in their effects but roxy, oxy are essentially the same drug: oxycodone. Opana is oxymorphone.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Roxy, oxy

The active ingredient in roxy is oxycodone, so essentially roxy, oxy are one and the same. Oxycodone is also found in Percocet, OxyContin, OxyFast, etc. Some of these meds, such as roxy and oxy, are short acting, while OxyContin is a sustained release medication.

Oxy is an opiate medication prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. It bears much similarity to hydrocodone, which is most commonly known under the brand name Vicodin. However, oxycodone is believed to be more potent than hydrocodone, making it the drug of choice for many opiate abusers who take the drug for its euphoric effects. In high doses, it can cause shallow breathing, hypotension, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest and death. Roxy is just one of the name brands of oxy.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Opana

The drug Opana, also known as Oxymorphone, is an opioid pain reliever which is similar to morphine. Reformulated OxyContin (oxy) pills make getting high harder, so opioid abusers are turning to Opana (oxymorphone) instead, according to a July 12, 2012, report in USA Today. As a result, the report added, Opana-related crime, including pharmacy robberies and overdose deaths, as well as treatment for oxymorphone addiction have been rising in several states.

Prior to August 2010, when Purdue Pharma reformulated OxyContin, opioid abusers could crush, break, or dissolve the pills in order to snort or inject the drug, which produces a more rapid high. The new formulation cannot be broken, crushed, or dissolved, so addicts must either take larger quantities of the drug or find another option. In Kentucky, according to USA Today, oxymorphone appeared as a factor in 23% of overdoses in 2011, up from just 2% in 2010. In nearby Ohio, the Ohio Substance Abuse Monitoring Network reported in January 2012 that many opioid abusers said they were using oxymorphone as a replacement for oxy. This is not the first time oxymorphone abuse has been in the spotlight. According to a May 2011 intelligence brief from the Drug Enforcement Administration, oxymorphone abuse was popular during the early 1970s, when many who injected it considered it superior to heroin or morphine. The brief singled out New Castle, Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as present-day hot spots of oxymorphone abuse.

Other than a drug test, one can use the following symptoms to detect or roxy, oxy and opana abuse:

•Drowsiness, sometimes to the point of nodding off

•Sedation

•Euphoria

•Lightheadedness

•Itching

•Nausea and vomiting

•Constipation

•Low blood pressure

•Respiratory suppression

•Headache

•Dry mouth

•Sweating

Constricted pupils, although overdose may bring about dilated pupils.

Overdose deaths can occur due to respiratory suppression, especially when oxy, roxy, and opana or any opiate is combined with another drug that suppresses respiration, like another opiate, benzodiazepines or alcohol.

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_the_pain_medications_oxycodone_and_roxicodone

http://www.pharmacytimes.com/news/Reformulated-OxyContin-Leads-to-Increased-Opana-Abuse

What are Roxy pills?

roxy pills

A Roxy pill, or Roxicodone, is a brand name for the generic drug, Oxycodone. It is a narcotic painkiller. Roxicodone pills are also called Roxy pills, Roxy’s, Roxies (or any variation of spelling), blueberries, blues, 30s (for the 30 milligram strength).

Roxy pills are currently among the most abused drugs. Statistics show that Roxy pills and other narcotics like it are mostly abused by people ranging from 16 to 49 years old with some as young as 12 years old having at least tried one of these painkillers in a recreational way. Painkillers like Roxy pills are becoming the first go-to drug for recreational use, being “experimented with” even before marijuana and cocaine.

Roxy pills are pure opioid (synthetically produced opiate), meaning they do not contain aspirin or Tylenol like other narcotics of the same drug classification. Roxy pills are a Schedule II drug. Other drugs in this class include Methadone, Oxycodone (Percocet), Hydrocodone (Vicodin) and many, many others. There are a few different pills that are narcotic pain killers in pill form. There is Roxicet, also called Tylox, Roxanol (also called Morphine), Roxicodone (Percocet without the Tylenol). Anyone of these narcotic pain killers are strong, require a prescription, and could be called “Roxie.” These drugs are prescribed for moderate to severe pain.

Side effects while taking Roxy pills include respiratory depression, meaning breathing is slowed or may even stop if overdose occurs; hypotension, or low blood pressure; sweating; anxiety; sleepiness; itchiness; urinary difficulty/urinary tract infection; physical dependence; loss of appetite; dizziness; dry mouth; headaches and migraines.

And because of their potency, many people abuse Roxy pills for the euphoric “high” they experience. The ways in which Roxy pills are abused include being eaten (slang for swallowed), snorted/sniffed, smoked (as in free-based), slammed/banged/shot (slang terms for injected).

Signs of use and abuse of Roxy pills include “doctor shopping” and having multiple prescriptions; raiding medicine cabinets, medications going missing; always out of money; irritability; “pinned” pupils; agitated or restless behaviors; secretive behaviors such as hiding medications, isolation, and withdrawal from social activities; extreme and/or rapid weight loss.

Signs and outcome of overdose of Roxy pills include seizures, slowed or cessation of breath, hospitalization, coma, and death.

Those who take Roxy pills long term and suddenly stop will more than likely experience opioid abstinence syndrome, or simply “(the) withdrawals:” extreme flu-like symptoms such as sweats/night sweats, chills, diarrhea, vomiting, and body aches. In addition, people going through withdrawals from Roxy pills experience runny nose, sneezing, yawning, goose bumps, insomnia, restless limbs (aka “the
jerks,” “the jimmies”), and lethargy. As if these were not bad enough, withdrawal from Roxy pills also involves psychological symptoms including (increased) anxiety and depression, irritability, mood swings, and an overall extreme lack of will to do anything, including self-care like brushing your teeth and showering. Basically hell on earth. I always knew that the dreaded withdrawal onslaught from Roxy pills was coming when I’d wake up with what I called “dewy eyes” – during the night, my night sweats would have begun and that sweat would then pool in the corners of my eyes. When I awoke in this way, it only took a few minutes for the full-on effect of the withdrawals to begin. Worst.feeling.ever.

Sources:

www.detoxanswers.com

www.wiki.answers.com

www.wikipedia.org

www.nih.gov

www.prescriptiondrugabuse.org

Oxycodone Withdrawal Symptoms

Oxycodone Withdrawal Symptoms

Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms are described as some of the worst withdrawal symptoms in the opiate family. The reason for this is because oxycodone is a fast acting, short lasting medication for intense and chronic pain to help improve quality of life. Oxycodone is usually prescribed for those with cancer, and for those who have been in some sort of accident or have had some kind of surgery that leaves them in chronic pain.

Oxycodone was manufactured in Germany in 1916 and is a derivative of the drugs morphine and heroin. Oxycodone has many of the same effects as heroin and is just as addictive. It tends to be more socially accepted in comparison with heroin because it is a medication not an illicit drug. Some of the street names for oxycodone are “hillbilly heroin, blues, OC’s, Oxys, pills, OC 80’s”. Just as with heroin, oxycodone is extremely habit forming and you do not have to be taking the drug recreationally; you can also be prescribed oxycodone and become physically dependent.

Taking oxycodone regularly can cause you to build a tolerance as with most opiates. This is because oxycodone attaches itself to the opiate receptors in the brain causing a change in brain chemistry. This tolerance causes a user to need more and more oxycodone to continue getting the desired pain relieving effects or “high”.

A user who is taking oxycodone for recreational purposes is trying to achieve a “high” much like heroin. Oxycodone can be snorted, taken orally or injected. The effects of taking this drug recreationally can range from intense euphoria, drowsiness, all the way to hyperactivity. After a certain period of time, whether oxycodone has been taken recreationally or as prescribed; a user will become physically dependent. How long it takes to become physically dependent on oxycodone depends on the person, how much they have been taking and for what length of time they have been taking oxycodone. After a user becomes physically dependent on oxycodone, if they rapidly decrease their use or stop “cold turkey” they will inevitably experience oxycodone withdrawal symptoms. These oxycodone withdrawal symptoms can begin a few hours after stopping use and last weeks; this can vary from person to person. Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms are not fatal although they are very painful, extremely uncomfortable and frightening.

Here are some examples of what to expect from oxycodone withdrawal symptoms, these can vary and are not limited to:

  • Abnormal skin sensations
  • Aches and pains
  • Anxiety
  • Cold- or flu-like symptoms
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Goose bumps
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mood swings
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Rigid muscles
  • Runny nose
  • Seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  • Shivering or tremors
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Sneezing
  • Sweating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Vomiting

If a user is experiencing any of these oxycodone withdrawal symptoms they may think it’s a better idea to just continue using oxycodone rather than deal with the withdrawal symptoms. This leads to a longer period of habitual oxycodone use. It is recommended that a user who is experiencing any oxycodone withdrawal symptoms seek outside help from a medical detox or healthcare professional even though the symptoms are not fatal. There are medications now to ease the pain of oxycodone withdrawal and a medical detox will allow for the most comfortable oxycodone withdrawal that is available. Withdrawal from any drug is extremely frightening, so seek help.

Roxicodone Addiction in Women

Roxicodone Addiction in Women

Roxicodone is prescribed for the treatment of severe pain. The primary ingredient in Roxicodone is oxycodone which provides pain relief for extreme pain and also provides the individual with a sense of relaxation and euphoria. The pleasurable sensations of roxicodone are what causes them to cross the line between taking roxicodone and having a roxicodone addiction. Roxicodone can be chewed, injected, swallowed, or snorted.  Street names of roxicodone include roxi, roxies, Blue, Hillbilly Heroin, Kicker, and Poor Man’s Heroin.  Though roxicodone typically comes in the form of a pill, it can also be crushed up into a white powder or dissolved in water.

Roxicodone addiction in women is similar to roxicodone addiction for everyone else. In order to maintain a level of pain relief, relaxation, and euphoria that the woman has come to rely on, she must either increase how often she uses roxicodone or increase the amount she uses each time. In addition to this drug abuse a woman with a roxicodone addiction may also have some of the following symptoms such as:

  • A decrease in motivation
  • Irritable behavior
  • Irrational thoughts
  • Loss of energy
  • Increased sleepiness
  • Loss of appetite

Physical Effects – A roxicodone addiction can physically compromise the normal behaviors of the body by interfering with various mechanisms.  Here are some negative physical consequences resulting from using Roxicodone:

  • Dizziness or lack of stability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Compromised mental function
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headaches and migraines
  • Liver damage
  • Death due to accidental overdose

Psychological Effects – A roxicodone addiction can also have negative impacts on mental health.  Here are some negative psychological and mental effects from abusing roxicodone:

  • Altered perception of reality
  • Personality shifts
  • Low self-esteem, negative body image
  • Feelings of anger, rage
  • Increased anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Confusion, disorientation
  • Paranoia

Social Effects – The abuse of roxicodone can result in multiple negative social effects.  These can include the following:

  • Withdrawal, isolation from friends and family
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Damaged relationships with loved ones
  • Division or brokenness within a family unit

The DEA reports that 1.9 million Americans have taken roxicodone for illicit use. The FDA reports that oxycodone played a role in 464 deaths across the United States in one year.

The issues and situations that contribute to a woman’s roxicodone addiction are different than those for men. There may be some genetic factors that are linked to roxicodone addiction in women, and this would be a biological reason for an addiction to roxicodone. But for roxicodone addiction and women it might also be an attempt to “numb” emotional pain caused from psychological trauma, feelings of anxiety or depression, or instances of abuse.  In these cases, these would be psychological causes of an addiction to roxicodone.  Finally, societal or environmental situations, such as the pressure of being a mother can increase the likelihood that woman might abuse roxicodone. 

The reasons behind roxicodone addiction in women are less important than how they can get help and luckily there are women’s treatment centers that can combat roxicodone addiction specifically in women with their unique issues.

 

 

http://www.michaelshouse.com/oxycodone-addiction/how-oxycodone-addiction-begins/

 

 

The History of Oxycodone

The History of Oxycodone

Oxycodone is a powerful narcotic analgesic. It is the active ingredient in a number of commonly prescribed pain relief medications such as Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox, which are oxycodone plus some sort of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like aspirin or acetaminophen. Oxycodone is also the active ingredient in OxyContin, a time release, long-acting form of the drug, and Roxicodone, a short acting form of the drug.

Oxycodone, like all drugs in the opiate class, is derived the opium plant. Many similar compounds were sold over the counter in the 19th century. In 1898, Bayer pharmaceuticals released an extremely potent compound known as heroin.

Oxycodone was synthesized from thebaine, which is derived from the opium plant. It was developed in Germany in 1916 as an alternative to heroin, which had been outlawed a couple years prior. It was hoped that oxycodone would have the analgesic (pain-killing) power of heroin without the dependence issues. It was first introduced to American consumers in 1939, but did not become widely used until the release of Percodan (oxycodone plus aspirin) in 1950.

As more people were prescribed oxycodone, its potential for addiction became more widely known.  In 1963, the attorney general of California publicly denounced Percodan abuse as the source of one-third of all drug addictions within the state. As a result, regulation of oxycodone in the United States was increased. In 1970, oxycodone, along with all other opiates, was made a Schedule II drug under the Federal Controlled Substances Act.

In 1974, the FDA approved Percocet (oxycodone plus acetaminophen). It was prescribed in very small quantities. Over the next decade, however, the attitudes towards management of chronic pain began to change. Instead of using painkillers for acute or malignant pain, doctors began to prescribe it for chronic pain. Many of the states adopted new policies that supported the wider use of painkillers by doctors.

In 1995, Purdue pharmaceuticals released OxyContin. Shortly thereafter, Purdue implemented an aggressive marketing campaign. It promoted the use of OxyContin by primary care providers, use in non-cancer pain, and its use as first line therapy for chronic pain. Its marketing was physician directed, and certain promotional claims were even cited in medical journals. Within in two years, OxyContin came to account for 80 percent of all Perdue profits.

As the use of OxyContin became more wide spread, reports of abuse began to increase exponentially. Before the release of OxyContin, all formulations of oxycodone contained an NSAID, which limited its potential for abuse. The NSAID component of the drugs also restricted the routes of administration to oral ingestion. When OxyContin was released, abusers realized that they could crush the pill to release pure oxycodone (up to 80mg in one pill), which allowed larger doses and by additional routes of administrations such as intravenous and intranasal. Due to the widespread abuse, particularly in rural areas, OxyContin came to be known as “Hillbilly Heroin.”

Soon, the lawsuits began. Purdue was accused of disseminating misleading information about OxyContin. In 2001, both the FDA and Purdue issued warnings against the recreational use of the drug. Despite the warnings, OxyContin continued to be one of the most widely abused drugs in the United States.

In 2011, to try to curb abuse of the drug, manufacturers added additional binders to the formulation to prevent the grinding of tablets for insufflation or injection, and to maintain OxyContin’s extended release characteristics. The added binders greatly reduced the recreational value of OxyContin, because they were not easily broken down.

http://www.ehow.com/about_5397213_history-oxycodone.html

http://www.fda.gov/downloads/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/Drugs/AnestheticAndLifeSupportDrugsAdvisoryCommittee/UCM248776.pdf

 

Narcotic Fact Sheet

Narcotic Fact Sheet

Prescription opioids are some of the most commonly abused substances in America. These opioids work by binding with opioid receptors in the brain. They bind to the same receptors that the bodies’ natural painkillers bind to. After prolonged opiate use, the body stops producing natural painkillers, resulting in opiate dependency. Opiates are such powerful narcotics that the body can become dependent on them even when they prescribed by a physician for the treatment of pain and are taken in the prescribed dosage.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet

Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet are all brand names for the combination drug containing hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opiate. Usually, it is combined with non-opioid painkillers like acetaminophen to discourage recreational use and to increase the painkilling effects.  Hydrocodone is also a cough suppressant, so it is used in many prescription cough medications.

While additives such as acetaminophen are added to hydrocodone products in part to discourage illicit use, the danger is that people who do abuse hydrocodone products may not be aware that they are taking high levels of acetaminophen. This can be very dangerous, and in many cases, long term hydrocodone abuse can cause liver problems because these drugs are toxic in high doses, and can even be fatal.

Another reason that hydrocodone is less likely to be abused than drugs like pure oxycodone, is that the metabolism of hydrocodone prevents it from alternate routes of administration like snorting and injection. This is because the main painkilling effect of hydrocodone use comes from its conversion to the much stronger opioid hydromorphone in the liver. When the drug is snorted or injected, it bypasses this metabolic process, so it actually results in a less strong effect. Also, because hydrocodone users must separate the hydrocodone from the acetaminophen additives before injecting it, some of the hydrocodone is lost in the process. Hydrocodone is also only about half as strong as oral oxycodone.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Percocet

Percocet is the brand name of the combination drug containing oxycodone and acetaminophen. As with the hydrocodone combination products, acetaminophen is added to oxycodone to both potentiate the painkilling effects and to discourage abuse. Percocet comes in doses of 10/325 (10 mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen) or 5/325 (5mg of oxycodone and 325 mg of acetaminophen).Percocet is an oral medication.

Oxycodone is a powerful analgesic synthesized from thebaine, which is derived from the opium plant. It was developed in Germany in 1916 as an alternative to heroin, which had been outlawed a couple years prior. It was hoped that oxycodone would have the analgesic (pain-killing) power of heroin without the dependence issues. However, since its inception, oxycodone has been subject to abuse.

Narcotic Fact Sheet: Roxicodone

Roxicodone is the brand name of a drug that contains pure oxycodone; it does not contain ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin, like other oxycodone-containing products (i.e. Percodan, Percocet, and Tylox).Roxicodone pills generally come in 15 or 30 mg doses. It is an immediate release form of oxycodone, unlike the time-release form of the drug: OxyContin. Because it is pure immediate release, pure oxycodone, the potential for abuse of oxycodone is very high.

Oxycodone Drug Abuse on College Campus

Oxycodone Drug Abuse in College

Oxycodone Drug Abuse on College Campus

Oxycodone is an opioid prescription pain medication. An opioid in some instances is called a narcotic. Oxycodone is used to treat moderate to severe pain. The extended-release form of oxycodone is for long-term treatment of chronic pain. Oxycodone is most commonly prescribed to patients to manage pain after a big medical procedure or surgery.

The illicit use of prescription painkillers such as Oxycodone is now the number one reason for drug overdose related deaths in the United States. Oxycodone drug abuse is nationwide because of its known euphoric effects, its ability to lessen anxiety, and to give the user an overall pleasant experience. Oxycodone is also extremely addictive so this goes hand in hand with the why it is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States. People who abuse Oxycodone usually chew or crush the pills to snort or intravenously inject directly into their blood stream.

Here are some general Oxycodone Drug abuse facts:

  • Oxycodone has more first time abusers than marijuana or cocaine…
  • There is oxycodone use in all 3,140 counties in the United States…
  • Oxycodone has been illicitly abused for the past 20-30 years and is now currently on the rise…
  • The Drug Abuse Warning Network said that, “Oxycodone-related hospital visits increased from 5,211 visits per year in 1998 to over 10,000 visits per year in 2000.” This continues to grow.

So, has oxycodone drug abuse made its way to college kids?

Unfortunately, Oxycodone drug abuse on college campuses nationwide is beginning to rise just like the use of Oxycodone in general. Oxycodone drug abuse has increased dramatically on college and university campuses since the mid 1990’s. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, in 2002 approximately 1.9 million people aged 12 or older had used Oxycodone non-medically at least once in their life time. The Drug Abuse Warning Network’s Report on Narcotic Analgesics shows that ER visits related to abuse of Oxycodone made up 70 percent of the visits from 2000-2001 and the rates were the highest for the college-age group of people between 18-25 years old.

  • Although most college students use prescription drugs properly, about one in four people aged 18 to 20 report using these medications non-medically at least once in their lives (NSDUH, 2008).
  • Non-medical use of pain relievers is on the rise among college-age youth (SAMHSA, 2009a). This age group also has the highest prevalence rate of non-medical use of prescription opioids in the US (McCabe et al, 2007).
  • College students misuse prescription stimulants to ―get in the zone or pull all night study sessions—a habit that is most likely to begin in college (Teter et al, 2006).
  • Among people 18 to 22 years of age, full-time college students are twice as likely to use a stimulant for nonmedical reasons in the past year compared to those who aren’t in college or are only part-time students (SAMHSA, 2009).
  • By students’ sophomore year in college, about half of their classmates will have been offered the opportunity to abuse a prescription drug (Arria, 2008).

Oxycodone Drug Abuse is usually a substitute for heroin drug abuse on college campuses. Because Oxycodone isn’t necessarily a street drug and because Oxycodone is also easily found at college kids’ parent’s houses it makes it more rampant of a drug among young people.

http://www.uwc.edu/aode/drugs/documents/PD-GettheFactsbooklet.pdf