Black Tar Heroin

black tar heroinBlack tar heroin is a cheap form of the potent drug heroin. Black tar heroin is mainly made in Mexico but it can be found in America, as well as, Canada and certain parts of Europe. Black tar heroin is less pure than other heroin making it not only cheaper to produce but also cheaper to buy. Black tar heroin is also known as Cheeb, muck, Mexican mud, brown or black, or boy. Black tar heroin varies in color and texture and also in its potency. Black tar heroin can be any color between black and brown. It is most often very firm and rock like or kind of sticky. Black tar heroin ranges in purity between 30 and 80 percent. Black tar heroin can be injected, snorted, or smoked. Regardless of the routes of administration black tar heroin is very dangerous.

People who abuse prescription drugs are at a high risk of using black tar heroin because it is significantly cheaper and easier to obtain in comparison to prescription drugs like Oxycontin or Vicodin.

When a user inhales or injects black tar heroin, they experience opiate-ish effects which include relaxation, loss of anxiety, and a rush of euphoria that is followed up by a sleepy dream like state. Black tar heroin similar to heroin in that it causes a kind of painless or anesthetic feeling. Many black tar heroin users experience a significant loss of concentration, have trouble focusing, and their balance is affected. They may also have limited responsiveness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, itching, dry mouth and diarrhea. As with other opiate drugs, black tar heroin has a high risk of addiction. It is easy to build a tolerance and dependence can develop quickly to black to heroin which leads to an increase of use and potential overdoses and even death.

The addiction black tar heroin is associated with excruciating and painful withdrawals that can last for a long time. Black tar heroin users will experience a range of symptoms when they begin the process of withdrawals which can include everything including aches, tremors, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, severe headaches, fever, sweating, diarrhea, insomnia, heart palpitation, increased blood pressure and changes to breathing. Users also may experience psychological changes when they have black tar heroin withdrawals that include anxiety, hallucinations, paranoia, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Black tar heroin is a relatively new drug available on the streets but heroin isn’t. Heroin was first discovered in the late 1800’s through a process of synthesizing opium to find a powerful substance than morphine. Black tar heroin was found when scientists synthesized the newly discovered heroin. Initially it was used as a drug to treat respiratory disorders and pain relief but it soon became a popular recreational drug. Heroin was outlawed entirely in the early 1930s but the addiction rates and recreational use didn’t change one bit.

It want until recently that black tar heroin was rediscovered and Mexican drug cartels began to make the drug again. This may have been in response to a global rise in demand and prices for powdered heroin. Drug traffickers and gangs who successfully dealt cocaine wanted to get on the black tar heroin market because it was cheap and easy drug to sell to young and inexperienced people and addicts who had established an established addiction to heroin or cocaine.

Are Roxys Worse Than Heroin?

Are Roxys Worse Than Heroin?

Roxys, slang for Roxicodone – a brand name for the generic oxycodone, is basically heroin in a pill form. It is an opioid, narcotic painkiller that is highly addictive. Roxys can be swallowed, smoked, crushed and snorted, or mixed with water and injected – all just like heroin.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Social Acceptance

What makes roxys worse than heroin, in a way, is their social acceptance. Roxicodone and Roxicet are legal by prescription whereas heroin is a known illicit “street drug.” People who are prescribed roxys by their doctors are more likely to follow doctors’ orders without asking questions about the drug they are being given. Roxicodone is a powerfully potent narcotic that has the same incidence of addictiveness as heroin.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Accessibility

Roxy is arguably worse than heroin because it is a lot more accessible than heroin. Whereas heroin is only available on the street, roxys can be found in many home medicine cabinets. More and more high school students and college students are taking painkillers like roxycodone because their parents or their friends’ parents leave their prescription bottles lying around. Also, people who they themselves have been prescribed roxys due to a legitimate condition with pain become hooked and can simply get their doctors to keep prescribing the painkillers. And, roxys like heroin can be bought “on the street,” too.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Physical Dependence

Roxys come in 15, 20, and 30 mg and it is said that a 30mg pill of Roxicodone or Roxicet is the equivalent to one bag of heroin but that is not a trusted way to compare the two, since heroin potency can vary from bag to bag and batch to batch.

The withdrawal from roxys and heroin can range from mild to severe, depending on how much and how long you have been taking either drug. Withdrawal symptoms usually begin six to 30 hours after last use and can be compared to flu-like in nature. People who are physically dependent on roxys or heroin will experience agitation, anxiety, muscle aches, watery eyes, insomnia, runny nose, sweating, and constant yawning when they suddenly stop using, or go cold turkey. Also, restless legs (and arms, neck, hands, and feet) also called “the jimmies,” anxiety, and depression are all part and parcel of opiate withdrawal. These symptoms are virtually the same for both roxy users and heroin users.

Some people say withdrawal from roxies is worse than heroin and other say that heroin withdrawal is worse. It really depends on the individual, how much they have been using, for how long, and the number of times they have gone cold turkey. Because, every time you “kick” is like a shock to the system and so each time gets worse and worse.

Roxys Worse than Heroin: Overdose

Both heroin and roxys are a central nervous system depressant which means that, if you take too much, your breathing can be slowed to a halt. This is when overdose occurs. Many times, people simply fall asleep and stop breathing when they have taken too much of either drug. Heroin may be slightly worse than roxys in this capacity because its potency is never exactly known whereas, a 30mg roxy pill is always 30mg. But, people abusing roxys and heroin have the same tendency to overdo it, leading to tragic repercussions.

So, Are Roxys Worse than Heroin?

Basically, these drugs are one in the same and are both extremely potent and addictive. Because of their social acceptance and accessibility, it can be argued that roxys are worse than heroin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.drugsense.org/

http://alcoholism.about.com/

The 5 Hardest Drugs to Kick

The 5 Hardest Drugs to Kick

When determining which drugs are the hardest drugs to kick, it is helpful to see which the most addictive drugs are. These two concepts are pretty much synonymous. This is because rate of dependence and severity of withdrawal symptoms have everything to do with trying to kick a nasty drug habit.

The following is a list of the 5 hardest drugs to kick, from least to greatest in difficulty. This list is based on a study put together by Dutch scientists who replicated a London study and devised a “dependency rating” that measures addictive potency of the biggest drugs out there. The scale of 0-to-3 shows how the hardest drugs to kick measure up.

#5 Crystal Meth 2.24

What makes crystal meth one of the hardest drugs to kick is that, like heroin and nicotine, meth also imitates dopamine, the reward chemical, and norepinephrine, the alertness chemical, causing your neurons to release more of both—all the while training your brain to want them more. But meth takes it a step further; it can damage dopamine- and norepinephrine-releasing neurons, which leads to a drastic decrease in their production, which makes you crave meth even more.

#4 Methadone 2.68

Basically legalized heroin, methadone is highly addictive because the way it works and is used as a treatment for heroin addiction is to build dependence. And in the case of methadone, dependence is the same as addiction.

Now, it is debatable whether methadone belongs at #4 on the list of hardest drugs to kick because, in my personal experience and from others who have shared their methadone experiences with me, I find it to be a much nastier drug to kick than heroin.

The withdrawals are hell on earth. Heroin withdrawal is said to be more acute but lasts for a much shorter period of time, about a week depending on usage and your body chemistry. Methadone withdrawal is really just as bad when it comes to the severity of the symptoms. What makes methadone harder to kick than heroin is that the withdrawal symptoms last for a longer period of time. And I mean a lot longer. For me it was about a month and a half before I started to feel normal again. Some people experience methadone withdrawal for even longer than that. Because of this, many people return to their drug use to feel better again, making methadone one of the top 5 hardest drugs to kick.

#3 Nicotine 2.82

Nicotine mimics chemicals that stimulate the “reward system” in the brain and then actually replaces them. Nicotine addiction occurs because this replacement causes your brain to make less of the naturally occurring good stuff and so the brain now needs nicotine to maintain normal functioning.

Statistics don’t lie: nicotine proves to be one of the hardest drugs to kick by the sheer number of nicotine addicts in the US: 50,000,000; and one in every five deaths nationwide are the result of smoking.

And actually, there is a tie for spots 2 and 3 which many may find surprising. That’s right, the study found that nicotine is just as hard to kick as crack cocaine.

#2 Crack Cocaine 2.82

Although crack is comprised of cocaine, smoking processed crack causes a faster, higher rush that lasts for less time than powder coke. The intensity of the crack high combined with the efficient method of use—smoking—are the big reasons why crack is number two in the top 5 hardest drugs to kick.

Crack addiction is dramatically higher than that of snorted cocaine powder. In 2010, there were an estimated 500,000 active crack cocaine addicts in the United States. And although not physical in nature, the psychological withdrawal symptoms from crack are intense and terrifying: hallucinations, severe anxiety, and depression.

#1 Heroin 2.89

Again, statistics show how heroin is one of the hardest drugs to kick. In the US in 2003, an estimated 281,000 people sought treatment for heroin addiction, and according to the National Institute on Drug Addiction, 23% of people who try heroin become full on addicts.

Heroin is easy to get hooked on. It reduces pain while at the same time causes pleasure. Who wouldn’t want to feel this way? By injecting, snorting or smoking heroin, you are training your brain to make you crave it. After you are physically dependent on heroin, the nasty withdrawal symptoms are enough to keep you coming back for more. It’s clear that heroin is the hardest drug to kick once you’re hooked on it.

 Honorable Mention(s):

Alcohol and Benzodiazepines

Both alcohol and benzos (such as Valium and Xanax) are also some of the hardest drugs to kick because the withdrawal symptoms that result from trying to kick cold turkey are very intense and even possibly fatal. People who stop using alcohol and benzos can experience hallucinations, sweats, anxiety, tremors, seizures, cardiac arrest and even death as a result of these symptoms.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.alternet.org/

http://www.thefix.com/

http://www.drugabuse.gov/

How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Monteith

How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Monteith

 

The combination of heroin and alcohol is currently a hot news topic with the recent accidental death of actor and Glee cast member Cory Monteith.

Tragedy strikes

Saturday, July 6 the Vancouver police said in a news conference Saturday evening that Cory Monteith was found at noon on the hotel’s 21st floor. He had checked into the Fairmont Pacific Rim hotel and had been expected to check out Saturday. When Monteith missed his checkout time at noon, hotel staff went to his room and found him, deceased.

Past Struggles

Monteith told Parade magazine in 2011 that he was “out of control” as a teen. He revealed that at age 13, he drank, smoked pot and skipped school in Victoria, British Columbia, after his parents divorced. By 16, his drug use had escalated. He was “doing anything and everything, as much as possible.” At 19, he entered rehab for the first time.

On March 31, 2013, the media announced that Monteith had admitted himself into a treatment facility for substance addiction. His treatment was completed on April 26, 2013.

Autopsy and Findings

An autopsy was completed by the British Columbia Coroners Service on July 15. The autopsy report stated that Monteith died from “a mixed drug toxicity” consisting of heroin and alcohol, and that his death appeared to have been accidental.

Heroin and Alcohol: a Deadly Combination

The drugs of abuse may give the user a feeling of pleasure, but it is important to remember that they are toxic substances. The vast majority of drug overdose cases involve the use of more than one drug. In 2003 the Drug Abuse Warning Network reported an average of 2.7 drugs in fatal overdose cases. Importantly in these cases, no single drug is usually present at a lethal dose. Rather it is the synergistic effect (think: 1+1=3) of the combining of drugs that is lethal. For example, a combination of heroin and alcohol can be especially dangerous. Heroin and alcohol both suppress breathing, but by different mechanisms.

Heroin is the cause for more deaths by overdose than any other single drug. The majority of these deaths ultimately result from respiratory failure. A toxic dose of heroin increases the inhibitory effect of GABA, which causes breathing to slow and eventually stop.

Alcohol overdoses occur predominantly in two ways. First, a high intake of alcohol causes unconsciousness. At high levels, it can also cause breathing to slow or cease. Second, the body tries to rid itself of unabsorbed alcohol by emptying the stomach. If a person vomits while they are unconscious, they may inhale the vomit and compromise their breathing or even drown.

Heroin and alcohol together is especially dangerous, experts say, because alcohol can exaggerate heroin’s effect on the central nervous system.

How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Montieth

As with other cases where heroin and alcohol were involved, Cory’s death was likely an overdose of either alcohol, heroin or both, resulting in coma, brain damage and eventually death. Even if he had not taken a lethal amount of heroin, it proved to be deadly when he combined it with alcohol.

Drugs that depress that central nervous system slow the heartbeat, or in large enough doses, can stop it from beating entirely. Without oxygen-rich blood pumping to the body, brain cells become depleted and can die within minutes.

Heroin, a highly addictive opiate drug, is considered a depressant because of its effects sedating the central nervous system. Alcohol also functions as a depressant.

Combining these two depressants forms a deadly drug combination.

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.usatoday.com

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu

http://drugabuse.gov

www.nih.gov

Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms

Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms           

Methadone is a synthetic opioid used for the maintenance of patients with opiate addiction.  Methadone is mainly used in the involvement of stopping or reducing the use of illicit drugs such as heroin and morphine although it also used in the treatment of chronic pain. While this is the case it has been found to be used recreationally for those with opiate addiction.

Methadone addiction is common because it is readily and easily available at methadone clinics. Clinics are where a user may go for the maintenance of their illicit opiate addiction. There they will receive methadone doses for a small payment each day legally. Just because methadone is legal whereas heroin is not, does not mean it is any less addictive or dangerous. The death toll from methadone use has spiked upward dramatically since 1999, with there being about 3,849 known in 2004 compared to 790 in 1999. Mixing methadone with other drugs such as benzodiazepines can be extremely dangerous also.

Methadone is highly physically addictive just as any other opiate. Methadone’s effects can last up to 35 hours and can remain in the body for days. This makes it prime for the maintenance of opiate addiction but also extremely hard to quit. That’s because when stopping methadone use there are going to be methadone withdrawal symptoms. The physical changes in the body after using methadone for a period of time are similar to those when using heroin or any other opiates.

To know if you are going to have methadone withdrawal symptoms, you can look for signs of methadone addiction. Signs of methadone addiction are pinpointed or contracted pupils, drowsiness, constipation, and suppressed breathing or cough reflex. If you or someone you know has been taking methadone for a long period of time and has these signs they most likely are going to go through methadone withdrawal symptoms once they stop their methadone use. Methadone withdrawal symptoms are extremely uncomfortable and while they are not fatal it is very frightening. It can become psychologically as well as physically painful. Methadone withdrawal symptoms can vary based on age, gender, how much or how little you have been using and usually consist of;

  • Physical Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms:
  • Lightheadedness
  • Tearing
  • Runny nose
  • Yawning
  • Sneezing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Severe Itching
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Tremors
  • Aches and pains, often in the joints and/or legs
  • Elevated pain sensitivity
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Reduced breathing (may be fatal between 2–4 hours)

 

  • Psychological Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms:
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Susceptibility to Cravings
  • Depression
  • Prolonged insomnia
  • Delirium
  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Visual hallucinations
  • Increased perception of odors, real or imagined
  • Marked decrease in sex drive
  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Panic disorder
  • Paranoia
  • Delusions

Methadone withdrawal symptoms have shown to be up to twice as severe as those of morphine or heroin and are last a significant more amount of time; methadone withdrawal symptoms can last for several weeks or more. At high methadone doses, sudden cessation of therapy can result in methadone withdrawal symptoms described as “the worst withdrawal imaginable,” lasting from weeks to months.

 

 

 

Roxy Addicts Are Now Using Heroin

Roxies and Heroin

Roxy Addicts Are Now Using Heroin

It is no secret that prescription drug abuse has reached epidemic levels in the United States. News of rising overdose rates, “pill mills” prescribing opioid painkillers in return for cash, and a flourishing market for prescription painkillers both online and on the streets has prompted lawmakers to crack down. From busting doctors who overprescribe to creating new laws that target pharmacists, the new laws have made painkillers much harder to find for the average addict.

Unfortunately, roxy addicts are now using heroin. For one, heroin is cheaper. Roxies can cost upwards of 30 dollars a piece on the street, while heroin costs 3 to 10 dollars a bag. For another, heroin is much easier to get.

It makes sense that Roxy addicts are now using heroin. Roxies (oxycodone) are pretty much just a synthetic form of heroin. They are in the same class of drugs: opioids and they have the same effect. This has created a whole new class of heroin addicts.

At one time, heroin use was confined to the inner cities. Since Roxy addicts are now using heroin, lawmakers report that upper middle class kids in their teens and twenties are getting, using, and selling heroin in suburbs and rural areas of the United States.  Former Chicago Police Capt. John Roberts told NBC news that “Kids in the city know not to touch it, but the message never got out to the suburbs.” Indeed, as heroin drug doesn’t seem to have the same stigma as it once did in the eyes of young people.

The number of teens dying of heroin overdose has skyrocketed. In 1999, 198 people between the ages of 15 and 24 died of a heroin overdose compared to 510 deaths in 2009, the latest year that data was available. The number of teens seeking treatment for heroin addiction rose 80 percent in the same 10 year time frame.

The fact that Roxy addicts are now using heroin is not all that surprising. Laws and punishment may decrease the amount of a certain drug available on the street, but it does nothing to treat the underlying addiction. Most experts agree that the only real way to combat drug abuse is to educate and treat. Making a certain drug more expensive or less available does nothing but prompt users to switch to other, sometimes more potent, drugs.

Drug cartels in Mexico and Columbia are quick to take advantage of the new popularity of heroin. They have begun marketing their drug to middle America. Packets of heroin are now stamped with popular brand names like Chevrolet or Prada, or marketed using blockbuster movies aimed at young people, like the Twilight series. Dealers even give it away for free in the suburbs at first. Once kids become hooked, they begin to sell it to them at a much lower price than any pill.

Unlike roxies, however, the manufacture of heroin is illegal and therefore unregulated. Roxy users are now using heroin, but there is no dose regulation or prevention of other substances to “cut” heroin, so many accidentally overdose.

http://abcnews.go.com/WN/heroin-suburbs-rise/story?id=10230269#.T-HxXtmcB8E

http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/heroin-soars-suburban-teens-talk-heroin-problem-talking-prescription-drug-problem-article-1.1099140

Heroin Drug Abuse

Heroin falls into the opiate category of controlled substances although heroin itself is an illegal street drug. An opiate is more widely known as a painkiller. Heroin is an opiate, as it is a derivative of the more well-known medication morphine. Most of the heroin in the world is produced in Afghanistan. Heroin drug abuse is making a rise recently due to the recent painkiller epidemic. Because heroin is cheaper and easier to get in some instances, more people are moving from prescription drug abuse to heroin drug abuse.

How addictive is heroin?

Heroin is highly addictive as are all opiates. The reason for this is because of the way heroin and all opiates attach themselves to the receptors in the brain.  An opiod dependent person is defined accurately as someone who can’t stop using opiates. Having a heroin drug abuse problem can be very scary and often when mentioned portrays vividly dark images in our minds which is rightly so.

How is heroin used?

Heroin can be used multiple ways; either through injection, snorting or smoking. The effects can last from 30 minutes up to 8 hours. A tolerance during heroin drug abuse builds rapidly causing the user to have to shoot up, ingest, or inhale more and more to get the same desired effect. As with most substances this is one of the first signs of addiction.

Heroin drug abuse is extremely deadly and intensely euphoric. Some of the effects of heroin drug abuse are:

  • a lowering of heart rate
  • intense pleasure and euphoria
  • drowsiness
  • having “the nods” or entering a dreamlike state.

When heroin is injected it gives the feeling of a “rush” similar to an orgasm which some users will chase rather than the high off of heroin drug abuse itself which can cause a heroin drug abuser to have a lack in perspective when it comes to the amount needed to use. 

What happens when I stop heroin drug abuse?

Once the user decides to stop their heroin drug abuse habit, after using for a certain period of time, they will start to experience what is known as heroin withdrawal symptoms which can be incredibly painful, uncomfortable and frightening. Because of the intensity of the heroin withdrawal symptoms after stopping their use; most heroin addicts will go to great lengths to get high again rather than deal with the withdrawal symptoms. These heroin withdrawal symptoms after an addiction has been formed are usually the main reason someone with an opiate addiction continues to use.

Heroin drug abuse Statistics

  • There are over 1.2 million “occasional” heroin drug abusers in the United States and over 200,000 people who could be classified as addicted to the drug.
  • During heroin drug abuse, the user ingests between 150mg and 250mg of the drug per day.
  • Florida and California by far have the most heroin seizures by law enforcement each year (due to their physical location and prevalence of the drug trade in their states).
  • There are believed to be at least 700,000 people in the United States who need heroin addiction treatment for heroin drug abuse but are not receiving it.