What can cocaine be cut with?

What can cocaine be cut with?

what can cocaine be cut with?Cocaine is rarely pure. Cocaine users may think what they are getting is pure cocaine but the truth is it is always cut with something to make it less pure and therefore upping the profit for the cocaine dealer. There are many things that cocaine can be cut with. Here are some of the most common things:

  • Baking soda
  • Sugars, such as lactose, inositol, and mannitol.
  • Local anesthetic, such as lidocaine or benzocaine, which mimics or adds to cocaine’s numbing effect on mucous membranes.
  • Cocaine may also be “cut” with other stimulants such as methamphetamine.

What can cocaine be cut with? Baking Soda

Baking soda is merely just another almost unrecognizable powder that can be mixed with cocaine so the user doesn’t know it has been cut. Sodium bicarbonate or baking powder is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate).

What can cocaine be cut with? Lactose

Another major use of lactose is in the pharmaceutical industry. Lactose is added to pills as filler because of its physical properties and low price. Because of this reason it also makes a great thing to cut cocaine with.

What can cocaine be cut with? Inositol and Mannitol

Inositol is used as an adulterant (or cutting agent) in many illegal drugs, such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and sometimes heroin. It is presumed that this use is connected with one or more of the substance’s properties of solubility, powdery texture, or reduced sweetness (50%) as compared with more common sugars. Inositol is also used as a stand-in for cocaine on television.

Mannitol is sometimes used as an adulterant or cutting agent for heroin, methamphetamines, cocaine, or other illicit drugs. In popular culture, when it is used in this manner, it is often referred to as baby laxative. Other places you can find mannitol? Your chewing gum!

What can cocaine be cut with? Lidocaine

Lidocaine is often added to cocaine as a diluent. Cocaine numbs the gums when applied, and since lidocaine causes stronger numbness, so a cocaine user gets the impression of high-quality cocaine when in actuality, the user is receiving a diluted product.

What can cocaine be cut with? Benzocaine

Benzocaine is commonly found, as an impurity in street cocaine. While it gives a numbing effect similar to cocaine on users’ gums it does not actually produce the effects of cocaine

What can cocaine be cut with? Meth

Cocaine cut with meth can make a dangerous mixture. This is especially true for the person who thinks they are just doing cocaine and has never done meth. Meth is much more potent than cocaine and the high is much more long lasting. Cocaine that is cut with meth would be very potent and intense.

Regardless of what cocaine is cut with, cocaine users should be wary. If cocaine is cut with anything that doesn’t mix well with the user it can be highly dangerous.

 

 

The 5 Hardest Drugs to Kick

The 5 Hardest Drugs to Kick

When determining which drugs are the hardest drugs to kick, it is helpful to see which the most addictive drugs are. These two concepts are pretty much synonymous. This is because rate of dependence and severity of withdrawal symptoms have everything to do with trying to kick a nasty drug habit.

The following is a list of the 5 hardest drugs to kick, from least to greatest in difficulty. This list is based on a study put together by Dutch scientists who replicated a London study and devised a “dependency rating” that measures addictive potency of the biggest drugs out there. The scale of 0-to-3 shows how the hardest drugs to kick measure up.

#5 Crystal Meth 2.24

What makes crystal meth one of the hardest drugs to kick is that, like heroin and nicotine, meth also imitates dopamine, the reward chemical, and norepinephrine, the alertness chemical, causing your neurons to release more of both—all the while training your brain to want them more. But meth takes it a step further; it can damage dopamine- and norepinephrine-releasing neurons, which leads to a drastic decrease in their production, which makes you crave meth even more.

#4 Methadone 2.68

Basically legalized heroin, methadone is highly addictive because the way it works and is used as a treatment for heroin addiction is to build dependence. And in the case of methadone, dependence is the same as addiction.

Now, it is debatable whether methadone belongs at #4 on the list of hardest drugs to kick because, in my personal experience and from others who have shared their methadone experiences with me, I find it to be a much nastier drug to kick than heroin.

The withdrawals are hell on earth. Heroin withdrawal is said to be more acute but lasts for a much shorter period of time, about a week depending on usage and your body chemistry. Methadone withdrawal is really just as bad when it comes to the severity of the symptoms. What makes methadone harder to kick than heroin is that the withdrawal symptoms last for a longer period of time. And I mean a lot longer. For me it was about a month and a half before I started to feel normal again. Some people experience methadone withdrawal for even longer than that. Because of this, many people return to their drug use to feel better again, making methadone one of the top 5 hardest drugs to kick.

#3 Nicotine 2.82

Nicotine mimics chemicals that stimulate the “reward system” in the brain and then actually replaces them. Nicotine addiction occurs because this replacement causes your brain to make less of the naturally occurring good stuff and so the brain now needs nicotine to maintain normal functioning.

Statistics don’t lie: nicotine proves to be one of the hardest drugs to kick by the sheer number of nicotine addicts in the US: 50,000,000; and one in every five deaths nationwide are the result of smoking.

And actually, there is a tie for spots 2 and 3 which many may find surprising. That’s right, the study found that nicotine is just as hard to kick as crack cocaine.

#2 Crack Cocaine 2.82

Although crack is comprised of cocaine, smoking processed crack causes a faster, higher rush that lasts for less time than powder coke. The intensity of the crack high combined with the efficient method of use—smoking—are the big reasons why crack is number two in the top 5 hardest drugs to kick.

Crack addiction is dramatically higher than that of snorted cocaine powder. In 2010, there were an estimated 500,000 active crack cocaine addicts in the United States. And although not physical in nature, the psychological withdrawal symptoms from crack are intense and terrifying: hallucinations, severe anxiety, and depression.

#1 Heroin 2.89

Again, statistics show how heroin is one of the hardest drugs to kick. In the US in 2003, an estimated 281,000 people sought treatment for heroin addiction, and according to the National Institute on Drug Addiction, 23% of people who try heroin become full on addicts.

Heroin is easy to get hooked on. It reduces pain while at the same time causes pleasure. Who wouldn’t want to feel this way? By injecting, snorting or smoking heroin, you are training your brain to make you crave it. After you are physically dependent on heroin, the nasty withdrawal symptoms are enough to keep you coming back for more. It’s clear that heroin is the hardest drug to kick once you’re hooked on it.

 Honorable Mention(s):

Alcohol and Benzodiazepines

Both alcohol and benzos (such as Valium and Xanax) are also some of the hardest drugs to kick because the withdrawal symptoms that result from trying to kick cold turkey are very intense and even possibly fatal. People who stop using alcohol and benzos can experience hallucinations, sweats, anxiety, tremors, seizures, cardiac arrest and even death as a result of these symptoms.

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.alternet.org/

http://www.thefix.com/

http://www.drugabuse.gov/

Effects of Crack Cocaine

Cocaine Drug Abuse
Cocaine Drug Abuse

Crack cocaine takes a terrible toll on the body, especially after long term use. Effects of crack cocaine include damage to the heart, respiratory system, blood flow, and brain. The cheap, highly addictive street drug causes intense depression, edginess and a craving for more as soon as the user comes down from the high.

Crack cocaine is the freebase form of cocaine. It is smoked, and it is the most addictive form cocaine. The reason it is so addictive is because smoking crack gives the user a short but very intense high. Smoking is second only to IV injection in terms of how quickly the drug hits the user’s system, and a very close second at that. The more quickly a drug reaches the brain, the more likely it is that you will become addicted.

One of the effects of crack cocaine is an almost immediate urge for more. The addictive properties are related to the effects of crack cocaine on the body’s reward pathways. It is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of dopamine, a brain chemical associated with pleasure, in the brain’s reward circuits. This release of dopamine causes the euphoric “high” that users experience when crack cocaine is smoked. The “reward” effect causes powerful cravings of the drug. Studies in mice found that if you give mouse cocaine every time it hits a lever, it will continue hitting the lever until it has overdosed, not stopping to eat, drink, or sleep. Because smoking crack reaches the blood stream more quickly than snorting cocaine, the effects of crack cocaine include an even more extreme reaction on the bodies reward pathway.

The effects of crack cocaine include increased alertness, feelings of euphoria, and enhanced energy. Anxiety, paranoia, and restlessness are common, with tremors and convulsions occurring at higher doses. There is a wide range of effects of crack cocaine on the body. Crack constricts blood vessels and increases heart rate and blood pressure. It decreases appetite, so long-term users can become malnourished. Crack cocaine abuse can also cause gastrointestinal problems and headaches. Effects of crack cocaine can also include extreme paranoia and hallucinations. Crack-related deaths are often the result of heart attacks or seizures.

Due to the surge of pleasurable chemicals in the brain during use and sharp decrease after the drug wears off, long-term effects of crack cocaine include depression and psychosis. The brain experiences a rapid high, followed quickly by a “crash.” The high from crack use is very short when compared to other drugs. Usually the high lasts less than five minutes. This is why crack is often used in binges (repeated use at increasingly higher doses). Repeated binges can cause the user to have a complete break with reality- a condition known as “cocaine psychosis.”

Another of the long-term effects of crack cocaine is damage to the respiratory system. Smoking crack can cause permanent lung damage. Long-term crack cocaine use can also cause bronchospasm and asthma.

Long-term effects of crack cocaine can include gangrene in the GI system and the extremities. Over time, smoking crack cocaine restricts blood flow to the hands and feet to the point that the tissues actually begin to die from lack of oxygen. In males, crack can even cause gangrene to develop in the scrotum. In the gut, lack of oxygen causes ulcers and even perforation of the stomach lining.