Amphetamine Diet Pills

Amphetamine Diet Pills

Amphetamines are classified as a stimulant and they also work as appetite suppressants in diet pills. The term amphetamines refer to different types like amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine. Amphetamines have been used for therapeutic purposes since the 1920s. Due to the abuse of amphetamines they have been restricted and the laws on them have been enforced. All diet pills with amphetamines that are FDA approved require a doctor’s prescription.

How do amphetamine diet pills work?

Appetite is controlled by the brain. Amphetamine diet pills suppress the appetite by increasing levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical in the brain that results in alertness, increased concentration, and registers pleasure. The American Psychological Association has suggested that the increase in dopamine due to amphetamine diet pills creates pleasure and therefore makes food more satisfying more quickly. This reduces the appetite and the amount of food a person eats. As dopamine levels increase and pleasure is heightened amphetamine diet pills can become habit-forming, this means that someone can become addicted.

What are the side-effects of amphetamine diet pills?

Amphetamine diet pills can have severe and life-threatening side effects. Because of the way amphetamine diet pills work, they end up increasing bodily functions and a lot of different parts of the body are affected. Amphetamine diet pills have side effects such as increased heart rate and blood pressure, dizziness, swelling in the legs and ankles, sweating, increased urination, dry mouth, insomnia, anxiety, depression, vomiting and shortness of breath.

What are the benefits of amphetamine diet pills?

When amphetamine diet pills are taken for a short period of time during a doctor’s close supervision while also mixed with lifestyle changes they can really help someone with weight loss. Most doctors will not prescribe amphetamine diet pills unless the patient is having obesity health problems though, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or heart disease. These are instances where weight loss is imperative and a doctor may deem it necessary regardless of the side effects.

History of amphetamine diet pills

Amphetamines were around long before they began being used as diet pills. During World War II, amphetamines were given to soldiers to help them stay awake, the same with pilots. Amphetamines were originally used to treat asthma, sleep disorders, and hyperactivity. The first amphetamine tablet was marketed in 1937 as a nasal decongestant. The wide spread use of amphetamines began in the 1960s by dieters trying to lose weight.

What are the different types of amphetamine diet pills?

There are four different amphetamine diet pills that are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as weight loss medication and these pills have to be prescribed by a doctor. The two most commonly prescribed amphetamine diet pills are phentermine which goes by Adipex-P and lonamin, and sibutramine whose brand name is Meridia. Phentermine is only prescribed for up to 12 weeks and sibutramine up to 12 months. Both of these medications require constant supervision from a physician. Phendimetrazine and diethylprpion are also available by prescription from a doctor.

What is Dexedrine?

Dexedrine

What is Dexedrine?

Dexedrine is the brand name for the drug dextroamphetamine. As the name implies, it is an amphetamine. Dexedrine is used primarily in the treatment of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.) It is also used sometimes to treat narcolepsy.

What is Dexedrine? Amphetamines

Dexedrine is part of a class of drugs known as amphetamines. Amphetamines like Dexedrine act on dopamine receptors in the brain. They stimulate the receptor to release a rush of dopamine which stimulates brain cells, increasing mood and energy. Dopamine is closely related to the reward centers in the brain, which is why amphetamine use has such a high incidence of dependence and addiction.  Amphetamines like Dexedrine have also been shown to have a neurotoxic effect on dopamine neurons over time, inducing Parkinson’s-like symptoms in long term users. This is why amphetamines have such a high rate of abuse and addiction.

What is Dexedrine? Medical Uses

Mostly Dexedrine is used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. It’s off label uses include treatment for obesity and for medication-resistant depression.

The U.S. Navy uses Dexedrine as one of its “go pills”. They give it to pilots who have long flights in order to fight fatigue while flying.

What is Dexedrine? Recreational Use

Dexedrine is used recreationally for a variety of reasons. The drug causes euphoria, so some users abuse Dexedrine to get “high.” Dexedrine is also used illicitly as a “study drug.” Students take Dexedrine illicitly to improve concentration and increase energy while studying. Dexedrine is also abused by those who wish to lose weight, particularly those who suffer from eating disorders.

Dexedrine can be smoked, snorted, swallowed, or injected. The route of administration is a big factor in the abuse potential of amphetamines. Studies have shown that the more quickly the blood level of the drug rises, the more intense the “rush” and potential for abuse and addiction. Intravenous injection is the fastest route of drug administration, causing blood levels to rise the most quickly, followed by smoking, snorting, and ingestion (swallowing).

What is Dexedrine? Side Effects

Side effects of Dexedrine include hyperactivity, dilated pupils, blood shot eyes, flushing, restlessness, dry mouth, headache, rapid heart rate, hypertension (high blood pressure), fever, excessive sweating, diarrhea, blurred vision, dizziness, insomnia, palpitations, tremors, dry and/or itchy skin. Dexedrine can also cause seizures, heart attacks, even strokes.

Long term amphetamine use can result in depression and suicide as well as serious heart disease, amphetamine psychosis, anxiety and violent behaviors. Symptoms of amphetamine psychosis include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, and even sometimes catatonia. About 15% of people suffering from amphetamine psychosis fail to make a full recovery even after all Dexedrine use is stopped.

What is Dexedrine? Addiction

Dexedrine addiction is one of the most difficult forms of addictions to treat. Most chronic users experience heavy withdrawal symptoms when amphetamine use is abruptly stopped. Several drugs are used to treat withdrawal symptoms and cravings. Because of the neurotoxicity caused by Dexedrine on dopamine neurons, post-acute withdrawal (withdrawal lasting for weeks or months) is common.

Amphetamines

Amphetamines

Amphetamines

Amphetamines are a class of drugs that include prescription medications such as Adderall and Dexedrine, as well as “street” drugs like methamphetamine. Amphetamines are stimulants that increase energy and concentration and have a high potential for abuse. Amphetamines also increase libido, decrease appetite, and can increase self-esteem.

Prescription drugs that contain, or metabolize into, amphetamine include Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Desoxyn, Didrex, ProCentra, and Vyvanse. Amphetamines are often used in medical settings to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and obesity. Recreationally, amphetamines are used as a performance enhancer and known as “speed.”

 

Physical effects of amphetamines can include:

  • hyperactivity
  • dilated pupils
  • blood shot eyes
  • flushing
  • restlessness
  • dry mouth
  • headache
  • rapid heart rate
  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • fever
  • excessive sweating
  • diarrhea
  • blurred vision
  • dizziness
  • insomnia
  • palpitations
  • tremors
  • dry and/or itchy skin
  • convulsions
  • seizure
  • stroke
  • coma
  • heart attack

Long term amphetamine use can result in depression and suicide as well as serious heart disease, amphetamine psychosis, anxiety and violent behaviors. Symptoms of amphetamine psychosis include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, and even sometimes catatonia. About 15% of people suffering from amphetamine psychosis fail to make a full recovery even after all amphetamine use is stopped.

Amphetamines can be smoked, snorted, swallowed, or injected. The route of administration is a big factor in the abuse potential of amphetamines. Studies have shown that the more quickly the blood level of the drug rises, the more intense the “rush” and potential for abuse and addiction. Intravenous injection is the fastest route of drug administration, causing blood levels to rise the most quickly, followed by smoking, snorting, and ingestion (swallowing).

Like most drugs with a high potential for abuse, amphetamines trigger the “reward pathway” in the brain. This is the pathway that is activated in response to pleasurable events, like eating chocolate or having sex. When these types of events occur, a neurotransmitter (chemical in the brain) called dopamine is released. Likewise, when drugs like amphetamine are metabolized, the brain produces a surge of dopamine. This creates a feeling of euphoria.

With continued use over time, the brain adapts to the constant influx of dopamine by becoming less responsive to it. The reward pathway is over-stimulated, so it reacts by eliminating some of its dopamine receptors. As a result, it takes more of the amphetamines to produce the same results. This is known as tolerance.

When an individual becomes tolerant to amphetamine, they will experience symptoms of withdrawal if they stop using the drug or significantly decrease their dose abruptly.  Amphetamine withdrawal symptoms include feelings of anxiety, craving, depression, agitation, excessive sleeping, and suicidal thoughts.