How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Monteith

How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Monteith

 

The combination of heroin and alcohol is currently a hot news topic with the recent accidental death of actor and Glee cast member Cory Monteith.

Tragedy strikes

Saturday, July 6 the Vancouver police said in a news conference Saturday evening that Cory Monteith was found at noon on the hotel’s 21st floor. He had checked into the Fairmont Pacific Rim hotel and had been expected to check out Saturday. When Monteith missed his checkout time at noon, hotel staff went to his room and found him, deceased.

Past Struggles

Monteith told Parade magazine in 2011 that he was “out of control” as a teen. He revealed that at age 13, he drank, smoked pot and skipped school in Victoria, British Columbia, after his parents divorced. By 16, his drug use had escalated. He was “doing anything and everything, as much as possible.” At 19, he entered rehab for the first time.

On March 31, 2013, the media announced that Monteith had admitted himself into a treatment facility for substance addiction. His treatment was completed on April 26, 2013.

Autopsy and Findings

An autopsy was completed by the British Columbia Coroners Service on July 15. The autopsy report stated that Monteith died from “a mixed drug toxicity” consisting of heroin and alcohol, and that his death appeared to have been accidental.

Heroin and Alcohol: a Deadly Combination

The drugs of abuse may give the user a feeling of pleasure, but it is important to remember that they are toxic substances. The vast majority of drug overdose cases involve the use of more than one drug. In 2003 the Drug Abuse Warning Network reported an average of 2.7 drugs in fatal overdose cases. Importantly in these cases, no single drug is usually present at a lethal dose. Rather it is the synergistic effect (think: 1+1=3) of the combining of drugs that is lethal. For example, a combination of heroin and alcohol can be especially dangerous. Heroin and alcohol both suppress breathing, but by different mechanisms.

Heroin is the cause for more deaths by overdose than any other single drug. The majority of these deaths ultimately result from respiratory failure. A toxic dose of heroin increases the inhibitory effect of GABA, which causes breathing to slow and eventually stop.

Alcohol overdoses occur predominantly in two ways. First, a high intake of alcohol causes unconsciousness. At high levels, it can also cause breathing to slow or cease. Second, the body tries to rid itself of unabsorbed alcohol by emptying the stomach. If a person vomits while they are unconscious, they may inhale the vomit and compromise their breathing or even drown.

Heroin and alcohol together is especially dangerous, experts say, because alcohol can exaggerate heroin’s effect on the central nervous system.

How Heroin and Alcohol Killed Cory Montieth

As with other cases where heroin and alcohol were involved, Cory’s death was likely an overdose of either alcohol, heroin or both, resulting in coma, brain damage and eventually death. Even if he had not taken a lethal amount of heroin, it proved to be deadly when he combined it with alcohol.

Drugs that depress that central nervous system slow the heartbeat, or in large enough doses, can stop it from beating entirely. Without oxygen-rich blood pumping to the body, brain cells become depleted and can die within minutes.

Heroin, a highly addictive opiate drug, is considered a depressant because of its effects sedating the central nervous system. Alcohol also functions as a depressant.

Combining these two depressants forms a deadly drug combination.

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://www.usatoday.com

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu

http://drugabuse.gov

www.nih.gov

Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, Oxy, and Opana

Roxy, oxy and opana are pretty much the crème de la crème for opiate addicts. First it was oxy, then it was roxy, and more recently it has become opana. Opana abuse has increased recently because of the new formulation of roxy, oxy that keep users from being able to break down the pills and shoot them up. Roxy, oxy and opana are all very similar in their effects but roxy, oxy are essentially the same drug: oxycodone. Opana is oxymorphone.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Roxy, oxy

The active ingredient in roxy is oxycodone, so essentially roxy, oxy are one and the same. Oxycodone is also found in Percocet, OxyContin, OxyFast, etc. Some of these meds, such as roxy and oxy, are short acting, while OxyContin is a sustained release medication.

Oxy is an opiate medication prescribed for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. It bears much similarity to hydrocodone, which is most commonly known under the brand name Vicodin. However, oxycodone is believed to be more potent than hydrocodone, making it the drug of choice for many opiate abusers who take the drug for its euphoric effects. In high doses, it can cause shallow breathing, hypotension, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest and death. Roxy is just one of the name brands of oxy.

Roxy, oxy and opana: Opana

The drug Opana, also known as Oxymorphone, is an opioid pain reliever which is similar to morphine. Reformulated OxyContin (oxy) pills make getting high harder, so opioid abusers are turning to Opana (oxymorphone) instead, according to a July 12, 2012, report in USA Today. As a result, the report added, Opana-related crime, including pharmacy robberies and overdose deaths, as well as treatment for oxymorphone addiction have been rising in several states.

Prior to August 2010, when Purdue Pharma reformulated OxyContin, opioid abusers could crush, break, or dissolve the pills in order to snort or inject the drug, which produces a more rapid high. The new formulation cannot be broken, crushed, or dissolved, so addicts must either take larger quantities of the drug or find another option. In Kentucky, according to USA Today, oxymorphone appeared as a factor in 23% of overdoses in 2011, up from just 2% in 2010. In nearby Ohio, the Ohio Substance Abuse Monitoring Network reported in January 2012 that many opioid abusers said they were using oxymorphone as a replacement for oxy. This is not the first time oxymorphone abuse has been in the spotlight. According to a May 2011 intelligence brief from the Drug Enforcement Administration, oxymorphone abuse was popular during the early 1970s, when many who injected it considered it superior to heroin or morphine. The brief singled out New Castle, Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as present-day hot spots of oxymorphone abuse.

Other than a drug test, one can use the following symptoms to detect or roxy, oxy and opana abuse:

•Drowsiness, sometimes to the point of nodding off

•Sedation

•Euphoria

•Lightheadedness

•Itching

•Nausea and vomiting

•Constipation

•Low blood pressure

•Respiratory suppression

•Headache

•Dry mouth

•Sweating

Constricted pupils, although overdose may bring about dilated pupils.

Overdose deaths can occur due to respiratory suppression, especially when oxy, roxy, and opana or any opiate is combined with another drug that suppresses respiration, like another opiate, benzodiazepines or alcohol.

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_the_pain_medications_oxycodone_and_roxicodone

http://www.pharmacytimes.com/news/Reformulated-OxyContin-Leads-to-Increased-Opana-Abuse

Is it illegal to buy roxy online?

Is it illegal to buy roxy online?

Not only is it very illegal to buy roxy online without a prescription, but it also may be highly dangerous. Buying roxy online could land you in jail or it could land you in the hospital. When you buy roxy online you don’t know exactly what you are getting and if the online pharmacy you are using is legitimate. This puts into question exactly what kind of medication you are getting and if they are the medication you want, if it contains the right ingredients.

If you don’t end up in jail or the hospital from buying roxy online you quite possibly, are being ripped off. Most online pharmacies that allow you to buy roxy online are scams. These online pharmacies are just really smart ways of duping you out of your money and if you read the fine print on a lot of them they say they are not responsible for refunding your money and then they also have no contact information for you to call them, email them etc. If you want to buy roxy online, it is a bad idea all around. Just go to your local pharmacy.

Here is what the DEA has to say about trying to buy roxy online

http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/consumer_alert.htm

Federal law prohibits buying controlled substances such as narcotic pain relievers (e.g., OxyContin, Roxy, Vicodin), sedatives (e.g., Valium, Xanax, and Ambien), stimulants (e.g., phentermine, Adderall, Ritalin) and anabolic steroids (e.g., Winstrol, Equipoise) without a valid prescription from your doctor. This means there must be a real doctor-patient relationship, which by most state laws requires a physical examination. Prescriptions written by “cyber doctors” relying on online questionnaires are not legitimate under the law.

  • Buying controlled substances online without a valid prescription may be punishable by imprisonment under Federal law. Often drugs ordered from rogue websites come from foreign countries. It is a felony to import drugs into the United States and ship to a non-DEA registrant.

 

  • Buying drugs online may not be only illegal, but dangerous. The American Medical Association and state boards of medicine and pharmacy have all condemned the practice of cyber doctors issuing online prescriptions as unacceptable medical care. Drugs delivered by rogue websites may be the wrong drugs, adulterated or expired, the wrong dosage strength, or have no dosage directions or warnings.

All in all, there is no difference between going to a drug dealer on the street corner and buying illicit substances illegally and buying roxy online without a prescription. The same goes for if your prescription for roxys was obtained online because that is illegal also. If you want to buy roxy online, in an illegal way, you might as well just go hunt down the nearest painkiller dealer on the street; you will save the money on shipping and at least you know the pills are a bit more safe and that you will get your money’s worth. I am not recommending that you buy anything illegally, just making the comparison to open your eyes to what is really going on, there is no difference between buying roxy online and buying roxy on the street. If you have a legitimate prescription for roxy don’t risk it and go get your medicine from a local and respected pharmacy; don’t buy roxy online.

Opioids Are the Most Prescribed Drug in America

Opioids, commonly known as painkillers like Percocet, Vicodin, and Fentanyl, are becoming the most prescribed and abused drugs in America.

Prescription rate and statistics show that Opioids Are the Most Prescribed Drug in America.

Most prescription painkillers are prescribed by primary care and internal medicine doctors and dentists, not specialists. Roughly 20% of prescribers prescribe 80% of all prescription painkillers Dentists were the main prescribers for youth aged 10-19 years old. Nearly 46% of opioid prescriptions were given to patients between ages 40 and 59, and most of those were from primary care providers. The records show the trend that opioids are the most prescribed drug in America because approximately 56% of painkiller prescriptions were given to patients who had filled another prescription for pain from the same or different providers within the past month. In addition, nearly 12% of opioids prescribed were to young people aged 10-29, a nearly 20 year increase in the use of prescription painkillers. From 1991 to 2009, prescriptions for opioid painkillers increased almost threefold, to over 200 million, showing a trend that opioids are the most prescribed drug in America.

An analysis of national prescribing patterns shows that more than half of patients who received an opioid prescription in 2009 had filled another opioid prescription within the previous 30 days.

Misuse and Abuse

With the exponential increase in prescribing patterns, opioids are the most prescribed drug in America and more and more patients are abusing their prescription, meaning that they are taking more than what is prescribed to them. Indicators for this behavior include running out of their month’s supply before the original prescription is able to be re-filled, doctor-shopping (visiting different doctors) in order to obtain multiple prescriptions, getting prescriptions filled at different pharmacies so as not to raise any “red flags,” and even resorting to purchasing them illegally, either online, through an acquaintance, or off the street.

The misuse and abuse of prescription painkillers was responsible for more than 475,000 emergency department visits in 2009, a number that nearly doubled in just five years.

Overdose and deaths

Nearly three out of four prescription drug overdoses are caused by prescription painkillers. The unprecedented rise in overdose deaths in the U.S. parallels a 300% increase since 1999 in the sale of these medications, which were involved in 14,800 overdose deaths in 2008.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the CDC), now that opioids are the most prescribed drug in America, prescription painkiller overdose is now the second leading cause of accidental death in the United States, killing more people than heroin and cocaine combined.

In 2010, nearly 60% of the drug overdose deaths involved pharmaceutical drugs. Opioid analgesics, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and methadone, were involved in about 3 of every 4 pharmaceutical overdose deaths.

Men vs. Women

The CDC also finds that, although more men are dying of prescription drug overdoses, women are catching up. In the last 14 years, the percentage increase in deaths has been greater for women, spiking by 400% as opposed to 265% for men.

Being that opioids are the most prescribed drug in America, it is no wonder that access to these potent painkillers has gotten easier. A curious kid can gain access to opioid prescription pills simply by looking in their parents’ or grandparents’ medicine cabinets.

Sources:

http://www.cdc.gov

http://www.drugabuse.gov

http://oxywatchdog.com

http://www.cdc.gov/

What are Roxy pills?

roxy pills

A Roxy pill, or Roxicodone, is a brand name for the generic drug, Oxycodone. It is a narcotic painkiller. Roxicodone pills are also called Roxy pills, Roxy’s, Roxies (or any variation of spelling), blueberries, blues, 30s (for the 30 milligram strength).

Roxy pills are currently among the most abused drugs. Statistics show that Roxy pills and other narcotics like it are mostly abused by people ranging from 16 to 49 years old with some as young as 12 years old having at least tried one of these painkillers in a recreational way. Painkillers like Roxy pills are becoming the first go-to drug for recreational use, being “experimented with” even before marijuana and cocaine.

Roxy pills are pure opioid (synthetically produced opiate), meaning they do not contain aspirin or Tylenol like other narcotics of the same drug classification. Roxy pills are a Schedule II drug. Other drugs in this class include Methadone, Oxycodone (Percocet), Hydrocodone (Vicodin) and many, many others. There are a few different pills that are narcotic pain killers in pill form. There is Roxicet, also called Tylox, Roxanol (also called Morphine), Roxicodone (Percocet without the Tylenol). Anyone of these narcotic pain killers are strong, require a prescription, and could be called “Roxie.” These drugs are prescribed for moderate to severe pain.

Side effects while taking Roxy pills include respiratory depression, meaning breathing is slowed or may even stop if overdose occurs; hypotension, or low blood pressure; sweating; anxiety; sleepiness; itchiness; urinary difficulty/urinary tract infection; physical dependence; loss of appetite; dizziness; dry mouth; headaches and migraines.

And because of their potency, many people abuse Roxy pills for the euphoric “high” they experience. The ways in which Roxy pills are abused include being eaten (slang for swallowed), snorted/sniffed, smoked (as in free-based), slammed/banged/shot (slang terms for injected).

Signs of use and abuse of Roxy pills include “doctor shopping” and having multiple prescriptions; raiding medicine cabinets, medications going missing; always out of money; irritability; “pinned” pupils; agitated or restless behaviors; secretive behaviors such as hiding medications, isolation, and withdrawal from social activities; extreme and/or rapid weight loss.

Signs and outcome of overdose of Roxy pills include seizures, slowed or cessation of breath, hospitalization, coma, and death.

Those who take Roxy pills long term and suddenly stop will more than likely experience opioid abstinence syndrome, or simply “(the) withdrawals:” extreme flu-like symptoms such as sweats/night sweats, chills, diarrhea, vomiting, and body aches. In addition, people going through withdrawals from Roxy pills experience runny nose, sneezing, yawning, goose bumps, insomnia, restless limbs (aka “the
jerks,” “the jimmies”), and lethargy. As if these were not bad enough, withdrawal from Roxy pills also involves psychological symptoms including (increased) anxiety and depression, irritability, mood swings, and an overall extreme lack of will to do anything, including self-care like brushing your teeth and showering. Basically hell on earth. I always knew that the dreaded withdrawal onslaught from Roxy pills was coming when I’d wake up with what I called “dewy eyes” – during the night, my night sweats would have begun and that sweat would then pool in the corners of my eyes. When I awoke in this way, it only took a few minutes for the full-on effect of the withdrawals to begin. Worst.feeling.ever.

Sources:

www.detoxanswers.com

www.wiki.answers.com

www.wikipedia.org

www.nih.gov

www.prescriptiondrugabuse.org

Oxycodone Withdrawal Symptoms

Oxycodone Withdrawal Symptoms

Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms are described as some of the worst withdrawal symptoms in the opiate family. The reason for this is because oxycodone is a fast acting, short lasting medication for intense and chronic pain to help improve quality of life. Oxycodone is usually prescribed for those with cancer, and for those who have been in some sort of accident or have had some kind of surgery that leaves them in chronic pain.

Oxycodone was manufactured in Germany in 1916 and is a derivative of the drugs morphine and heroin. Oxycodone has many of the same effects as heroin and is just as addictive. It tends to be more socially accepted in comparison with heroin because it is a medication not an illicit drug. Some of the street names for oxycodone are “hillbilly heroin, blues, OC’s, Oxys, pills, OC 80’s”. Just as with heroin, oxycodone is extremely habit forming and you do not have to be taking the drug recreationally; you can also be prescribed oxycodone and become physically dependent.

Taking oxycodone regularly can cause you to build a tolerance as with most opiates. This is because oxycodone attaches itself to the opiate receptors in the brain causing a change in brain chemistry. This tolerance causes a user to need more and more oxycodone to continue getting the desired pain relieving effects or “high”.

A user who is taking oxycodone for recreational purposes is trying to achieve a “high” much like heroin. Oxycodone can be snorted, taken orally or injected. The effects of taking this drug recreationally can range from intense euphoria, drowsiness, all the way to hyperactivity. After a certain period of time, whether oxycodone has been taken recreationally or as prescribed; a user will become physically dependent. How long it takes to become physically dependent on oxycodone depends on the person, how much they have been taking and for what length of time they have been taking oxycodone. After a user becomes physically dependent on oxycodone, if they rapidly decrease their use or stop “cold turkey” they will inevitably experience oxycodone withdrawal symptoms. These oxycodone withdrawal symptoms can begin a few hours after stopping use and last weeks; this can vary from person to person. Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms are not fatal although they are very painful, extremely uncomfortable and frightening.

Here are some examples of what to expect from oxycodone withdrawal symptoms, these can vary and are not limited to:

  • Abnormal skin sensations
  • Aches and pains
  • Anxiety
  • Cold- or flu-like symptoms
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Goose bumps
  • Headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mood swings
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Rigid muscles
  • Runny nose
  • Seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  • Shivering or tremors
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Sneezing
  • Sweating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Vomiting

If a user is experiencing any of these oxycodone withdrawal symptoms they may think it’s a better idea to just continue using oxycodone rather than deal with the withdrawal symptoms. This leads to a longer period of habitual oxycodone use. It is recommended that a user who is experiencing any oxycodone withdrawal symptoms seek outside help from a medical detox or healthcare professional even though the symptoms are not fatal. There are medications now to ease the pain of oxycodone withdrawal and a medical detox will allow for the most comfortable oxycodone withdrawal that is available. Withdrawal from any drug is extremely frightening, so seek help.

Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms

Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms           

Methadone is a synthetic opioid used for the maintenance of patients with opiate addiction.  Methadone is mainly used in the involvement of stopping or reducing the use of illicit drugs such as heroin and morphine although it also used in the treatment of chronic pain. While this is the case it has been found to be used recreationally for those with opiate addiction.

Methadone addiction is common because it is readily and easily available at methadone clinics. Clinics are where a user may go for the maintenance of their illicit opiate addiction. There they will receive methadone doses for a small payment each day legally. Just because methadone is legal whereas heroin is not, does not mean it is any less addictive or dangerous. The death toll from methadone use has spiked upward dramatically since 1999, with there being about 3,849 known in 2004 compared to 790 in 1999. Mixing methadone with other drugs such as benzodiazepines can be extremely dangerous also.

Methadone is highly physically addictive just as any other opiate. Methadone’s effects can last up to 35 hours and can remain in the body for days. This makes it prime for the maintenance of opiate addiction but also extremely hard to quit. That’s because when stopping methadone use there are going to be methadone withdrawal symptoms. The physical changes in the body after using methadone for a period of time are similar to those when using heroin or any other opiates.

To know if you are going to have methadone withdrawal symptoms, you can look for signs of methadone addiction. Signs of methadone addiction are pinpointed or contracted pupils, drowsiness, constipation, and suppressed breathing or cough reflex. If you or someone you know has been taking methadone for a long period of time and has these signs they most likely are going to go through methadone withdrawal symptoms once they stop their methadone use. Methadone withdrawal symptoms are extremely uncomfortable and while they are not fatal it is very frightening. It can become psychologically as well as physically painful. Methadone withdrawal symptoms can vary based on age, gender, how much or how little you have been using and usually consist of;

  • Physical Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms:
  • Lightheadedness
  • Tearing
  • Runny nose
  • Yawning
  • Sneezing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Severe Itching
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Chills
  • Tremors
  • Aches and pains, often in the joints and/or legs
  • Elevated pain sensitivity
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Reduced breathing (may be fatal between 2–4 hours)

 

  • Psychological Methadone Withdrawal Symptoms:
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Susceptibility to Cravings
  • Depression
  • Prolonged insomnia
  • Delirium
  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Visual hallucinations
  • Increased perception of odors, real or imagined
  • Marked decrease in sex drive
  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Panic disorder
  • Paranoia
  • Delusions

Methadone withdrawal symptoms have shown to be up to twice as severe as those of morphine or heroin and are last a significant more amount of time; methadone withdrawal symptoms can last for several weeks or more. At high methadone doses, sudden cessation of therapy can result in methadone withdrawal symptoms described as “the worst withdrawal imaginable,” lasting from weeks to months.

 

 

 

The Dangers of Buying Prescription Medication Online

 

prescription medications online

There are so many dangers of buying prescription medication online and you can probably think of a few right off the top of your head right now. The most obvious being you don’t have a trusted pharmacist giving or checking your drugs. That is an obvious one but we are going to tell you some of the immediate problems with buying prescription medication online.

 

Where can you buy prescription medication online?

Normally prescription medication is bought at “online pharmacies”. Online pharmacies are websites that sell prescription and over-the-counter drugs that may or may not be safe to use and could put your health at risk. The best ways to avoid the dangers of buying prescription medication online are to be able to recognize legal internet pharmacies or just go to your local pharmacy.

 

Dangers of buying prescription medication online

Buying prescription medication online from a company you don’t know means you don’t know what you will be getting. There are multiple online pharmacies that operate legally and they offer conveniences, privacy and safeguards for buying medicines. But there also tons of “shady websites” that offer to sell potentially dangerous prescription medicines that have not been checked for safety or effectiveness. These “rogue websites” will look professional and they will also look legitimate, all the while they are an illegal operating online pharmacy and there are numerous dangers of buying prescription medicine from them. Dangerous online pharmacies selling prescription medication online will most often sell unapproved medicines or medicines that contain the wrong active ingredients. Some of the other dangers of buying prescription medication online are that online pharmacies will also sell drugs that contain too little or too much of the active ingredient too.

Many people who buy prescription medication online instead of receiving the drug they ordered, they received products containing what was identified as foreign versions of their drug. As a result these people had to seek medical treatment for their symptoms which could have ended up deadly.

One of the biggest dangers of buying prescription medication online is that the websites will sell counterfeit drugs that look exactly like the real FDA-approved medicines but the quality and safety of the drugs are totally unknown.

If you are going to buy prescription medication online here are some ways to make sure you aren’t in any danger:

  • If the online pharmacy is located in the United States
  • It is a licensed online pharmacy by the state board of pharmacy where the website is operating. You can find the list of boards on the Internet by searching for the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy.
  • It has a licensed pharmacist available to answer your questions
  • It requires a prescription for prescription medications from your doctor or another health care profession who is licensed to prescribe medicines.
  • It provides contact information and allows you to talk to a person if you have problems or questions.

Here are some of the ways to spot a dangerous online pharmacy:

  • It sends you drugs with unknown quality and/or origin
  • It gives you the wrong drug or another dangerous product for your illness
  • It doesn’t provide any way to contact the website by phone
  • It may offer to sell prescription drugs without a prescription-this is illegal
  • It may or may not protect your personal information
  • It offers prices significantly cheaper than the competition

The dangers of buying prescription medications online all lie in the fact that the drugs could be counterfeit or contaminated. This is why you should know your medicines before buying from an online pharmacy. Counterfeit drugs can be contaminated, lead to dangerous side effects, contain the wrong active ingredient, be made with the wrong amounts of ingredients, or contain no active ingredient or not enough of it. All of this can be very dangerous to you who need the medicine. These are the problems and dangers of buying prescription medication online.

Source:

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/buying-prescription-drugs-online/GA00042

Roxicodone Addiction in Women

Roxicodone Addiction in Women

Roxicodone is prescribed for the treatment of severe pain. The primary ingredient in Roxicodone is oxycodone which provides pain relief for extreme pain and also provides the individual with a sense of relaxation and euphoria. The pleasurable sensations of roxicodone are what causes them to cross the line between taking roxicodone and having a roxicodone addiction. Roxicodone can be chewed, injected, swallowed, or snorted.  Street names of roxicodone include roxi, roxies, Blue, Hillbilly Heroin, Kicker, and Poor Man’s Heroin.  Though roxicodone typically comes in the form of a pill, it can also be crushed up into a white powder or dissolved in water.

Roxicodone addiction in women is similar to roxicodone addiction for everyone else. In order to maintain a level of pain relief, relaxation, and euphoria that the woman has come to rely on, she must either increase how often she uses roxicodone or increase the amount she uses each time. In addition to this drug abuse a woman with a roxicodone addiction may also have some of the following symptoms such as:

  • A decrease in motivation
  • Irritable behavior
  • Irrational thoughts
  • Loss of energy
  • Increased sleepiness
  • Loss of appetite

Physical Effects – A roxicodone addiction can physically compromise the normal behaviors of the body by interfering with various mechanisms.  Here are some negative physical consequences resulting from using Roxicodone:

  • Dizziness or lack of stability
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Compromised mental function
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headaches and migraines
  • Liver damage
  • Death due to accidental overdose

Psychological Effects – A roxicodone addiction can also have negative impacts on mental health.  Here are some negative psychological and mental effects from abusing roxicodone:

  • Altered perception of reality
  • Personality shifts
  • Low self-esteem, negative body image
  • Feelings of anger, rage
  • Increased anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Confusion, disorientation
  • Paranoia

Social Effects – The abuse of roxicodone can result in multiple negative social effects.  These can include the following:

  • Withdrawal, isolation from friends and family
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Damaged relationships with loved ones
  • Division or brokenness within a family unit

The DEA reports that 1.9 million Americans have taken roxicodone for illicit use. The FDA reports that oxycodone played a role in 464 deaths across the United States in one year.

The issues and situations that contribute to a woman’s roxicodone addiction are different than those for men. There may be some genetic factors that are linked to roxicodone addiction in women, and this would be a biological reason for an addiction to roxicodone. But for roxicodone addiction and women it might also be an attempt to “numb” emotional pain caused from psychological trauma, feelings of anxiety or depression, or instances of abuse.  In these cases, these would be psychological causes of an addiction to roxicodone.  Finally, societal or environmental situations, such as the pressure of being a mother can increase the likelihood that woman might abuse roxicodone. 

The reasons behind roxicodone addiction in women are less important than how they can get help and luckily there are women’s treatment centers that can combat roxicodone addiction specifically in women with their unique issues.

 

 

http://www.michaelshouse.com/oxycodone-addiction/how-oxycodone-addiction-begins/

 

 

Opana Abuse

Opana Abuse

Opana abuse is just the newest phase of what is officially the painkiller epidemic. Before opana abuse it was OxyContin. Opana is on the rise and has overtaken OxyContin as the most popular drug for painkiller abusers. The CDC has classified the abuse of painkillers as an epidemic because of the 1.3 million ER visits in 2010 which is a 115% increase since 2004. Not only had that but overdose deaths from opiates surpassed deaths from heroin and cocaine for the first time in 2008. And opana abuse is just the newest and most recent thing to hit the streets recently. Opana abuse made its debut after the makers of OxyContin made it hard for drug users to crush and inject it.

Opana is another name for the generic drug known as oxymorphone. Opana is also known as Opana ER and Numorphone HCI. Opana is a narcotic pain reliever that treats moderate to severe pain; Opana ER is the extended release version which treats chronic long lasting pain.

Opana is very habit forming and has a high potential for abuse. Opana abuse or just taking Opana for a long period of time can lead to the development of a tolerance, addiction and overdose. Once a person becomes physically addicted to Opana they will suffer from withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking the drug abruptly.

Opanas are knows as blues, biscuits, octagons, stop signs, pink, pink heaven, Mrs O, Orgasna IR, OM, Pink O, The O bomb and other street names. Like other painkillers, opana causes feelings of euphoria, well-being, increased sociability and similar effects that make it desirable to abuse.

What is Opana abuse?

The signs of opana abuse are similar to the signs of prescription drug abuse in general. Opana can be easily gotten from pharmacies, hospitals and by those with prescriptions. If an individual doesn’t have a prescription it can be bought on the street or sold illicitly. Some common signs of opana abuse are:

  • Doctor shopping to get more than one prescription for opana
  • Fake call-ins for refills
  • Stealing prescription pads and forging prescriptions

Opana abuse includes overusing the drug, tampering with the medication such as crushing it up and snorting it or shooting it up. Opana abuse also includes mixing it with other drugs to heighten the effects. Opana is extremely dangerous when mixed with other drugs because it is so potent and can easily lead to overdose and in the worst case scenario; death. Some dangerous drug combinations when mixed with opana abuse are:

  • Alcohol
  • Sedatives
  • Tranquilizers
  • Other opiates

Signs and symptoms of an opana overdose are:

  • Lethargy
  • Relaxed muscles
  • Respiratory depression
  • Low blood pressure
  • Coma
  • Cardiac and respiratory collapse
  • Death

Opana abuse, addiction and overdose are up and coming as law enforcement and health professionals begin to see more and more effects of the drugs. Opana abuse is a new and deadly trend in illicit drug use. There is good news though, opana abuse is treatable and no one has to die from it. With the use of a detox facility and treatment an addiction opana or opana abuse can be eliminated and treated.

Source: http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/nation/story/2012-07-10/opana-painkiller-addiction/56137086/1