Black Tar Heroin

black tar heroinBlack tar heroin is a cheap form of the potent drug heroin. Black tar heroin is mainly made in Mexico but it can be found in America, as well as, Canada and certain parts of Europe. Black tar heroin is less pure than other heroin making it not only cheaper to produce but also cheaper to buy. Black tar heroin is also known as Cheeb, muck, Mexican mud, brown or black, or boy. Black tar heroin varies in color and texture and also in its potency. Black tar heroin can be any color between black and brown. It is most often very firm and rock like or kind of sticky. Black tar heroin ranges in purity between 30 and 80 percent. Black tar heroin can be injected, snorted, or smoked. Regardless of the routes of administration black tar heroin is very dangerous.

People who abuse prescription drugs are at a high risk of using black tar heroin because it is significantly cheaper and easier to obtain in comparison to prescription drugs like Oxycontin or Vicodin.

When a user inhales or injects black tar heroin, they experience opiate-ish effects which include relaxation, loss of anxiety, and a rush of euphoria that is followed up by a sleepy dream like state. Black tar heroin similar to heroin in that it causes a kind of painless or anesthetic feeling. Many black tar heroin users experience a significant loss of concentration, have trouble focusing, and their balance is affected. They may also have limited responsiveness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, itching, dry mouth and diarrhea. As with other opiate drugs, black tar heroin has a high risk of addiction. It is easy to build a tolerance and dependence can develop quickly to black to heroin which leads to an increase of use and potential overdoses and even death.

The addiction black tar heroin is associated with excruciating and painful withdrawals that can last for a long time. Black tar heroin users will experience a range of symptoms when they begin the process of withdrawals which can include everything including aches, tremors, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, severe headaches, fever, sweating, diarrhea, insomnia, heart palpitation, increased blood pressure and changes to breathing. Users also may experience psychological changes when they have black tar heroin withdrawals that include anxiety, hallucinations, paranoia, depression and suicidal thoughts.

Black tar heroin is a relatively new drug available on the streets but heroin isn’t. Heroin was first discovered in the late 1800’s through a process of synthesizing opium to find a powerful substance than morphine. Black tar heroin was found when scientists synthesized the newly discovered heroin. Initially it was used as a drug to treat respiratory disorders and pain relief but it soon became a popular recreational drug. Heroin was outlawed entirely in the early 1930s but the addiction rates and recreational use didn’t change one bit.

It want until recently that black tar heroin was rediscovered and Mexican drug cartels began to make the drug again. This may have been in response to a global rise in demand and prices for powdered heroin. Drug traffickers and gangs who successfully dealt cocaine wanted to get on the black tar heroin market because it was cheap and easy drug to sell to young and inexperienced people and addicts who had established an established addiction to heroin or cocaine.

DXM Addiction

DXM Addiction

Dextromethorphan (DXM), is a common ingredient found in many over-the-counter cough and cold medicines, and is used as a recreational drug for its dissociative effects. Dextromethorphan has powerful dissociative properties when taken at doses well above the recommended therapeutic dosage for cough suppression. DXM addiction is sometimes referred to in slang form as robo-tripping, derived from the Robitussin brand name, or Triple Cs, which comes from the Coricidin brand because the pills are printed with “CCC,” which stands for Coricidin Cough and Cold.

DXM Effects

DXM in low recreational doses (between 100–200 mg), is described as having a euphoric effect. With middle doses come more intense euphoria, vivid imagination, and closed-eye hallucinations. With high doses of DXM, there is a profound alteration in consciousness and users often report out-of-body experiences or temporary psychosis. Another characteristic of high doses of DXM as seen in DXM addiction is something called “flanging,” speeding up or slowing down of sensory input.

DXM Recreational Use and DXM Addiction

There are definitely specific groups that seem to be at a higher risk of DXM abuse and DXM addiction, including teenagers, alcoholics, and narcotic abusers. Other street names for DXM include: “Candy,” “C-C-C,” “Dex,” “DM,” “Drex,” “Red Devils,” “Robo,” “Rojo,” “Skittles,” “Tussin,” “Velvet,” and “Vitamin D.” And slang terms for abusing DXM are: “Dexing,” “Robotripping,” and “Robodosing.” Some findings suggest that DXM can produce ethanol-like effects in both alcoholics and non-alcoholics and can cause a mild form of craving in alcoholics. In 2005, following the deaths of 5 teenagers known to use DXM in pure powder form, the FDA expressed its concern about potential DXM abuse and DXM addiction.

Plateaus of DXM Use Leading to DXM Addiction

First plateau: alertness, restlessness, increased heartbeat, increased body temperature, intensification of emotions, euphoria, loss of balance, and mild inebriation similar to drunkenness.

Second plateau: effects are similar to the first plateau, but with heavier intoxication, choppy sensory input, a dreamlike state of consciousness, some detachment from outside world, and closed-eye hallucinations; slurred speech, mild hallucinations, short term memory impairment.

Third plateau: difficulty recognizing people or objects, chaotic blindness, dreamlike vision, inability to comprehend language, abstract hallucinations, delayed reaction time, decision making impairment, feelings of peace and quiet, near complete loss of motor coordination, short-term memory impairment, and/or feelings of rebirth. This third level is an altered state of consciousness and vision or other senses may be impaired.

Fourth plateau: loss of contact and control with their own body, changes in visual perception, out-of-body experiences, perceptions of contact with “superior” beings, lack of movement or desire to move, rapid heart rate, complete blindness, increased hearing, and intensification of third plateau effects. The fourth state, a person can lose contact with their body and with all senses shut off. This level of intoxication is similar to using PCP or to that of being in a K hole (overdose of ketamine known as Special K).

Plateau Sigma: occurs by prolonging dosage; marked by psychosis with visual and auditory hallucinations. Users report auditory hallucinations, for example rather than simply feeling tired and sitting down, a user might hear a voice saying, “sit down now, you’re tired,” and feel compelled to obey. These experiences are mostly described as unpleasant.

Symptoms of DXM Addiction

A survey of DXM users showed that more than half of them reported experiencing the following withdrawal symptoms for the first week after long-term and/or chronic use, or DXM addiction: fatigue, apathy, flashbacks, and constipation. Over a quarter of DXM users reported insomnia, nightmares, an inability to experience pleasure in usual activities, impaired memory, attention deficit and decreased libido. Other more rare side effects reported were panic attacks, impaired learning, tremor, jaundice, hives and muscle aches. Frequent and long-term usage at very high doses could possibly lead to toxic psychosis and other permanent psychological problems.

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.jabfm.org/